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Thirty-year trends in mortality from cardiovascular diseases in Korea

Authors
 Seung Won Lee  ;  Hyeon Chang Kim  ;  Hye Sun Lee  ;  Il Suh 
Citation
 Korean Circulation Journal, Vol.45(3) : 202-209, 2015 
Journal Title
 Korean Circulation Journal 
ISSN
 1738-5520 
Issue Date
2015
Abstract
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: An understanding of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) mortality is important for the development of strategies aimed at reducing the burden of CVD. Thus, we examined the changing pattern of CVD mortality in Korea over 30 years (1983-2012) by analyzing the Cause of Death Statistics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Deaths from diseases of the circulatory system and those of five CVD categories were analyzed: total heart diseases, acute rheumatic fever/chronic rheumatic heart disease, hypertensive heart disease, ischemic heart disease (IHD) and atherosclerosis. To assess the effects of population ageing on CVD mortality, crude and age-adjusted mortality rates were calculated. Age-adjusted mortality rates were calculated by using the direct standardization method. RESULTS: Over the 30-year period analyzed in this study, circulatory system disease mortality markedly declined. The age-adjusted mortality rate decreased by 78.5% in men and by 76.3% in women. Consistent decreasing trends were observed for mortalities from rheumatic heart disease, hypertensive heart disease, and atherosclerosis. However, IHD mortality rapidly increased during the 30 years. Crude IHD mortality showed a steady increase until 2007, after which there were fluctuations. But the penalized regression splines showed that crude IHD mortality continued to increase. Age-adjusted IHD mortality peaked in the early 2000s, and started to decrease during the last few years. CONCLUSION: In summary, total CVD mortality rate has significantly decreased over the 30-year period analyzed in this study but the IHD mortality rate has continuously increased until recently. The prevention and management of cardiovascular diseases amongst the Korean population, especially IHD, still represents a great challenge.
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/140458
Files in This Item:
T201502149.pdf Download
DOI
10.4070/kcj.2015.45.3.202
Appears in Collections:
1. Journal Papers (연구논문) > 1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine and Public Health (예방의학교실)
1. Journal Papers (연구논문) > 1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Yonsei Biomedical Research Center (연세의생명연구원)
Yonsei Authors
김현창(Kim, Hyeon Chang) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7867-1240
서일(Suh, Il)
이혜선(Lee, Hye Sun) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6328-6948
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