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Cross-sectional evaluation of the prevalence and factors associated with soft tissue scarring after the removal of miniscrews

Authors
 Sung-ah Jung  ;  Yoon Jeong Choi  ;  Dong-Won Lee  ;  Kyung-Ho Kim  ;  Chooryung J. Chung 
Citation
 Angle Orthodontist, Vol.85(3) : 420-426, 2015 
Journal Title
 Angle Orthodontist 
ISSN
 0003-3219 
Issue Date
2015
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of distinguishable soft tissue scarring after the removal of temporary anchorage devices (TADs) such as orthodontic miniscrews and to analyze the factors associated with scar formation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The prevalence of soft tissue scarring in 66 patients (202 miniscrew removal sites) was clinically investigated at least 1 year after miniscrew removal. To determine the clinical factors associated with soft tissue scar formation, miniscrew stability; host factors including age, gender, and gingival biotype; and miniscrew-related factors such as insertion site, vertical position, and insertion period were evaluated. RESULTS: The prevalence of a distinguishable scar remaining at least 1 year after miniscrew removal was 44.6%. Patients with flat gingiva showed a significantly higher prevalence of soft tissue scar formation than did those with pronounced scalloped gingiva (P < .05). Maxillary buccal removal sites showed a significantly higher prevalence of soft tissue scar formation than did those in the mandible or palatal slope (P < .05). Miniscrew sites at the alveolar mucosa showed a significantly lower prevalence of soft tissue scar formation than did those in the mucogingival junction or the attached gingiva (P < .01). CONCLUSION: The prevalence of distinguishable scarring after miniscrew removal was fairly high. On the basis of our results, patients with flat gingiva and buccal interdental gingival insertion sites are more susceptible to scar formation.
Full Text
http://www.angle.org/doi/full/10.2319/101813-772.1
DOI
10.2319/101813-772.1
Appears in Collections:
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Orthodontics (교정과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Periodontics (치주과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Kyung Ho(김경호) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8154-2041
Lee, Dong Won(이동원) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1852-7989
Chung, Chooryung J.(정주령) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9399-7193
Choi, Yoon Jeong(최윤정) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0781-8836
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URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/140199
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