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The role of abdominal drainage to prevent of intra-abdominal complications after laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis: prospective randomized trial

 Joon Seong Park  ;  Joo Hee Kim  ;  Jae Keun Kim  ;  Dong Sup Yoon 
 Surgical Endoscopy , Vol.29(2) : 453-457, 2015 
Journal Title
 Surgical Endoscopy  
Issue Date
Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic/adverse effects* ; Cholecystitis, Acute/surgery* ; Drainage/methods* ; Female ; Follow-Up Studies ; Humans ; Intraabdominal Infections/prevention & control* ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Peritoneal Cavity/surgery* ; Postoperative Care/methods* ; Prospective Studies ; Surgical Wound Infection/prevention & control* ; Treatment Outcome
Drainage ; Laparoscopy ; Cholecystectomy ; Acute cholecystitis
BACKGROUND: Routine drainage of the abdominal cavity after surgery has been a robust dogma for many decades. Nevertheless, the policy of routine abdominal drainage is increasingly questioned. Many surgeons believe that routine drainage after surgery may prevent postoperative intra-abdominal infection. The goal of this study was to assess the role of drains in laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) for acute cholecystitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From May 2008 to July 2012, 160 patients that underwent LC due to acute cholecystitis at Gangnam Severance Hospital, Yonsei University Health System, Seoul, Korea, were enrolled in this study. After surgery, patients were randomly allocated to undergo drain placement in the subhepatic space (Group A) or no drainage (Group B). RESULTS: There was no significant difference in the intra-abdominal abscess rate, which was 0.0 % with Group A and 1.3 % with Group B (P = 0.319). The median subhepatic fluid collection was 4.1 mL (1.1–60 mL) in Group A and 4.5 mL (1.1–80.0 mL) in Group B (P = 0.298). However, the median hospital stay was 2 days (1–4 days) in Group B and 3 days (2–7 days) in group A (P = 0.001). The subgroup of empyema patients did not have any significant differences in intra-abdominal fluid collection or intra-abdominal abscess rate. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that postoperative routine drainage of the abdominal cavity for acute cholecystitis does not prevent intra-abdominal infections
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiology (영상의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Surgery (외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Jae Keun(김재근)
Kim, Joo Hee(김주희) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5383-3602
Park, Joon Seong(박준성) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8048-9990
Yoon, Dong Sup(윤동섭) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6444-9606
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