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Adults with spastic cerebral palsy have lower bone mass than those with dyskinetic cerebral palsy

Authors
 Wonjin Kim  ;  Su Jin Lee  ;  Young-Kwon Yoon  ;  Yoon-Kyum Shin  ;  Sung-Rae Cho  ;  Yumie Rhee 
Citation
 Bone, Vol.71 : 89-93, 2015 
Journal Title
 Bone 
ISSN
 8756-3282 
Issue Date
2015
MeSH
Adolescent ; Adult ; Biomarkers/metabolism ; Bone Density ; Bone Remodeling ; Bone and Bones/pathology* ; Bone and Bones/physiopathology ; Cerebral Palsy/pathology* ; Cerebral Palsy/physiopathology ; Female ; Hip/pathology ; Hip/physiopathology ; Humans ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Organ Size ; Young Adult
Keywords
Bone mineral density ; Cerebral palsy ; Spasticity
Abstract
Adults with cerebral palsy (CP) are known to have low bone mass with an increased risk of fragility fracture. CP is classified into two major types: spastic (pyramidal) and dyskinetic (extrapyramidal). Spastic CP is the most common and is characterized by muscle hypertonicity and impaired neuromuscular control. By contrast, dyskinetic CP is characterized by mixed muscle tone with involuntary movements. The aim of this study was to elucidate the relationship between bone metabolism and subtype of CP. Fifty-eight adults with CP (aged 18 to 49years, mean age 33.2years; 32 men, 26 women) were included in this cross-sectional analysis. Lumbar spine and femoral bone mineral density (BMD) Z-scores were measured. Bone markers, including C-telopeptide of type I collagen (CTx) and osteocalcin (OCN), were also analyzed. Among these participants, 30 had spastic CP and 28 had dyskinetic CP. The Z-scores of lumbar spine BMD did not differ between the two types. However, the Z-scores of femur trochanteric BMD were significantly lower in participants with spastic CP than in those with dyskinetic CP (-1.6±1.2 vs. -0.9±1.1, p<0.05). Seventy-four percent of participants with either type of CP had abnormally elevated CTx, while about 90% of participants showed normal OCN levels. When participants were subclassified into nonambulatory and ambulatory groups, the nonambulatory group had significantly lower BMD in the femur, including the trochanteric and total regions, whether they were spastic or dyskinetic (p<0.05). Because the type of CP affects bone mass, nonambulatory spastic CP participants showed the lowest total hip region BMD among the four groups. These results reveal that reduced weight bearing and immobility related to CP cause a negative bone balance because of increased bone resorption, which leads to a lower bone mass. In addition, hypertonicity of the affected limbs in participants with spastic CP resulted in lower bone mass than in those with dyskinetic CP. Type of CP and degree of ambulatory function in adults with CP should be regarded as important factors affecting bone metabolism.
Full Text
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S8756328214003688
DOI
10.1016/j.bone.2014.10.003
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Rehabilitation Medicine (재활의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Yonsei Biomedical Research Center (연세의생명연구원) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Won Jin(김원진)
Shin, Yoon Kyum(신윤겸)
Lee, Su Jin(이수진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7325-2538
Rhee, Yumie(이유미) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4227-5638
Cho, Sung-Rae(조성래) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1429-2684
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/139161
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