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Organic-Inorganic Hybrids of Hydroxyapatite with Chitosan

Authors
 K.H. Im  ;  Ji Ho Park  ;  Yong Keun Lee  ;  Chong Kwan Kim  ;  Seong Ho Choi  ;  Kwang Mahn Kim  ;  Kyoung Nam Kim 
Citation
 Key Engineering Materials, Vol.284~286 : 729-732, 2005 
Journal Title
Key Engineering Materials
ISSN
 1013-9826 
Issue Date
2005
MeSH
Bioactivity ; Chitosan (CS) ; Hybrid Scaffolds ; Hydroxyapatite (HAP) ; Mechanical Property
Keywords
Bioactivity ; Chitosan (CS) ; Hybrid Scaffolds ; Hydroxyapatite (HAP) ; Mechanical Property
Abstract
In tissue engineering, a scaffold helps determine 3-dimensional morphology, increases cell survival, provides initial mechanical stability, supports tissue ingrowth, aids in the formation of tissue structure. Chitosan is the partially deacetylated form of chitin that can be extracted from crustacean. It degrades in the body to non-harmful and non-toxic compounds and has been used in various fields such as nutrition, metal recovery and biomaterials. Hydroxyapatite, a major inorganic component of bone, has been used extensively for biomedical implant applications and bone regeneration due to its bioactive, biodegradable and osteoconductive properties. The application, however, of hydroxyapatite is limited due to own brittleness. Since the natural bone is a composite mainly consisted of organic collagen and inorganic hydroxyapatite, many efforts have been made to modify hydroxyapatite by polymers. In this study, organic/inorganic hybrids were fabricated solid-liquid phase separation and a subsequent freeze-drying process. The microstructure, mechanical properties, and bioactivity of the scaffolds with various contents of hydroxyapatite were studied. The structure of the scaffolds prepared was macroporous and interconnected. The compressive mechanical properties such as compressive modulus and yield strength were improved according to the increase of hydroxyapatite contents mixed with chitosan. After 7 days of sample immersion in a simulated body fluid, for scaffolds containing hydroxyapatite, numerous bonelike apatites were formed on the surfaces of the pore walls. This study suggests that desirable pore structure, mechanical properties, and bioactivity of the hybrid scaffolds might be achieved through controlling the ratio of hydroxyapatite and chitosan.
Full Text
http://www.scientific.net/KEM.284-286.729
DOI
10.4028/www.scientific.net/KEM.284-286.729
Appears in Collections:
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Dental Biomaterials and Bioengineering (치과생체재료공학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Periodontics (치주과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Kyoung Nam(김경남)
Kim, Kwang Mahn(김광만) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5235-0294
Kim, Chong Kwan(김종관)
Lee, Yong Keun(이용근)
Choi, Seong Ho(최성호) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6704-6124
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/114826
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