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Implantation of human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells as a neuroprotective therapy for ischemic stroke in rats

Authors
 Seong-Ho Koh  ;  Kyung Suk Kim  ;  Mi Ran Choi  ;  Kyoung Hwa Jung  ;  Kyoung Sun Park  ;  Young Gyu Chai  ;  Wonjae Roh  ;  Se Jin Hwang  ;  Hyun-Ju Ko  ;  Yong-Min Huh  ;  Hee-Tae Kim  ;  Seung Hyun Kim 
Citation
 BRAIN RESEARCH, Vol.1229 : 233-248, 2008 
Journal Title
 BRAIN RESEARCH 
ISSN
 0006-8993 
Issue Date
2008
MeSH
Animals ; Antigens, CD/metabolism ; Cell Count ; Cell Differentiation/drug effects ; Cells, Cultured ; Disease Models, Animal ; Glutamic Acid/pharmacology ; Hippocampus/pathology ; Hippocampus/surgery ; Humans ; Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/pharmacology ; Membrane Potentials/drug effects ; Membrane Potentials/physiology ; Membrane Potentials/radiation effects ; Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation/methods* ; Mesenchymal Stromal Cells/physiology* ; Nerve Tissue Proteins/metabolism ; Neurons/metabolism ; Patch-Clamp Techniques ; Rats ; Rats, Sprague-Dawley ; Severity of Illness Index ; Stroke/pathology ; Stroke/therapy* ; Time Factors ; Umbilical Cord/cytology*
Keywords
Stroke ; Cell therapy ; Adult stem cells ; Umbilical cord ; Neuroprotection
Abstract
In the present study, we examined the neuroprotective effects and mechanisms of implanted human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hUC-MSCs) in ischemic stroke. hUC-MSCs were isolated from the endothelial/subendothelial layers of the human umbilical cord and cultured. Twenty days after the induction of in vitro neuronal differentiation, about 77.4% of the inoculated hUC-MSCs displayed morphological features of neurons and expressed neuronal cell markers like TU-20, Trk A, NeuN, and NF-M. However, functionally active neuronal type channels were not detected by electrophysiological examination. Before, during, or one day after in vitro neuronal differentiation, the hUC-MSCs produced granulocyte-colony stimulating factor, vascular endothelial growth factor, glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor, and brain-derived neurotrophic factor. In an in vivo study, implantation of the hUC-MSCs into the damaged hemisphere of immunosuppressed ischemic stroke rats improved neurobehavioral function and reduced infarct volume relative to control rats. Three weeks after implantation, most of the implanted hUC-MSCs were present in the damaged hemisphere; some of these cells expressed detectable levels of neuron-specific markers. Nestin expression in the hippocampus was increased in the hUC-MSC-implanted group relative to the control group. Since the hUC-MSCs were both morphologically differentiated into neuronal cells and able to produce neurotrophic factors, but had not become functionally active neuronal cells, the improvement in neurobehavioral function and the reduction of infarct volume might be related to the neuroprotective effects of hUC-MSCs rather than the formation of a new network between host neurons and the implanted hUC-MSCs.
Full Text
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0006899308015278
DOI
10.1016/j.brainres.2008.06.087
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Yonsei Biomedical Research Center (연세의생명연구원) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiology (영상의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Ko, Hyun Ju(고현주)
Huh, Yong Min(허용민) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9831-4475
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/106956
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