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Therapeutic effect of magnesium lithospermate B on neointimal formation after balloon-induced vascular injury

 Kyu Yeon Hur  ;  Hye Jun Seo  ;  Eun Seok Kang  ;  Soo Hyun Kim  ;  Seungjeong Song  ;  Eun Hee Kim  ;  Soyeon Lim  ;  Chulhee Choi  ;  Ji Hoe Heo  ;  Ki Chul Hwang  ;  Chul Woo Ahn  ;  Bong Soo Cha  ;  Mankil Jung  ;  Hyun Chul Lee 
 EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACOLOGY, Vol.586(1-3) : 226-233, 2008 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Angiogenesis Inhibitors/therapeutic use* ; Animals ; Antioxidants/therapeutic use* ; Aorta, Thoracic/cytology ; Aorta, Thoracic/drug effects ; Blotting, Western ; Carotid Artery Injuries/drug therapy* ; Carotid Artery Injuries/pathology* ; Catheterization ; Cell Movement/drug effects ; Cell Proliferation/drug effects ; Cell Separation ; Drugs, Chinese Herbal/isolation & purification ; Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use* ; Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel ; Free Radical Scavengers/therapeutic use* ; Immunohistochemistry ; Male ; Myocytes, Smooth Muscle/drug effects ; Neovascularization, Pathologic/drug therapy* ; Plant Roots/chemistry ; Platelet-Derived Growth Factor/antagonists & inhibitors ; Platelet-Derived Growth Factor/pharmacology ; Rats ; Rats, Sprague-Dawley ; Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism ; Salvia miltiorrhiza/chemistry ; Signal Transduction/drug effects
Magnesium lithospermate B ; Vascular smooth muscle cell ; Platelet-derived growth factor ; Reactive oxygen species ; Neointimal formation
Vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation and migration in response to platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) play an important role in the development of atherosclerosis and restenosis. Recent evidence indicates that PDGF increases intracellular levels of reactive oxygen species in VSMCs and that both PDGF-induced VSMC proliferation and migration are reactive oxygen species-dependent. Danshen is a representative oriental medicine used for the treatment of vascular disease. Previously, we reported that magnesium lithospermate B, an active component of Danshen, is a potent antioxidant. Thus we investigated the therapeutic potential of magnesium lithospermate B in neointimal formation after carotid artery injury in rats along with its effects on the PDGF signaling pathway for stimulating VSMC proliferation and migration in vitro. PDGF is dimeric glycoprotein composed of two A or two B chains. In this study, we used PDGF-BB, which is one of the isoforms of PDGF (i.e., PDGF-AA, PDGF-BB, and PDGF-AB). Our results demonstrated that magnesium lithospermate B directly scavenged reactive oxygen species in a xanthine/xanthine oxidase system and reduced PDGF-BB-induced intracellular reactive oxygen species generation in VSMCs. In a rat carotid artery balloon injury model, magnesium lithospermate B treatment (10 mg/kg/day, i.p) showed a significant effect on the prevention of neointimal formation compared with vehicle treatment. In cultured VSMCs, magnesium lithospermate B significantly attenuated PDGF-BB-induced cell proliferation and migration as measured by 3-[4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl]-2,5-diphenyl-2-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay and transwell migration assays, respectively. Further, magnesium lithospermate B inhibited PDGF-BB-induced phosphorylation of phospatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathways by scavenging reactive oxygen species. Together, these data indicated that magnesium lithospermate B, a potent reactive oxygen species scavenger, prevented both injury-induced neointimal formation in vivo and PDGF-BB-induced VSMC proliferation and migration in vitro, suggesting that magnesium lithospermate B may be a promising agent to prevent atherosclerosis and restenosis following angioplasty.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Medical Research Center (임상의학연구센터) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Neurology (신경과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Yonsei Biomedical Research Center (연세의생명연구원) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > BioMedical Science Institute (의생명과학부) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kang, Eun Seok(강은석) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0364-4675
Kim, Soo Hyun(김수현)
Kim, Eun Hee(김은희)
Seo, Hye Sun(서혜선)
Ahn, Chul Woo(안철우) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3733-7486
Lee, Hyun Chul(이현철)
Lim, So Yeon(임소연)
Cha, Bong Soo(차봉수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0542-2854
Hur, Kyu Yeon(허규연)
Heo, Ji Hoe(허지회) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9898-3321
Hwang, Ki Chul(황기철)
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