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Nasal changes after surgical correction of skeletal Class III malocclusion in Koreans

 Chooryung Chung  ;  Yebert Lee  ;  Kwang-Ho Park  ;  Sun-Hyung Park  ;  Young-Chel Park  ;  Kyung-Ho Kim 
 ANGLE ORTHODONTIST, Vol.78(3) : 427-432, 2008 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Adult ; Cephalometry ; Female ; Follow-Up Studies ; Humans ; Korea ; Male ; Malocclusion, Angle Class III/surgery* ; Mandible/pathology ; Mandible/surgery ; Maxilla/pathology ; Maxilla/surgery ; Nasal Bone/pathology ; Nose/pathology* ; Nose/surgery ; Sex Factors ; Suture Techniques ; Vertical Dimension
Nose ; Nostril ; Bimaxillary surgery ; Skeletal Class III ; Anthropometry
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the changes in the nose after bimaxillary surgery to correct skeletal Class III malocclusion and to test the hypothesis that there is no change in the nasal width following bimaxillary surgical correction of skeletal Class III when a nasal cinch is properly used.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-five adult Korean skeletal Class III patients who had received maxillary advancement/impaction and mandibular set-back surgery in conjunction with an alar base cinch suture were evaluated. The anthropometric variables of the nasal region were measured directly on the soft-tissue surface before and 6 months after surgery.

RESULTS: After surgery, the alar width and alar base width had increased significantly (P < .001), while the nasal tip projection decreased (P < .001). The nostril morphology also showed widening (P < .001). There was a trend for females with a narrow alar width presurgically to have a larger amount of nasal widening compared with those with a broader alar width (P < .05).

CONCLUSION: There is a high probability of nasal and nostril widening after bimaxillary surgery for skeletal Class III malocclusion in Koreans despite the careful performance of alar cinch suture. Nevertheless, the authors believe that alar cinch suture was positive in limiting the nasal widening to the minimum and would consider routine application during bimaxillary surgery for skeletal Class III especially for female patients with a narrow nose who are susceptible to these changes
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2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (구강악안면외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Orthodontics (교정과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Kyung Ho(김경호) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8154-2041
Park, Kwang Ho(박광호) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1942-2986
Park, Sun Hyung(박선형) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5293-875X
Park, Young Chel(박영철)
Chung, Chooryung J.(정주령) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9399-7193
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