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The Effects of Hydroxyapatite-Chitosan Membrane on Bone Regeneration in Rat Calvarial Defects

Authors
 Jung-A Shin  ;  Jung-Yoo Choi  ;  Sung-Tae Kim  ;  Chang-Sung Kim  ;  Yong-Keun Lee  ;  Kyoo-Sung Cho  ;  Jung-Kiu Chai  ;  Chong-Kwan Kim  ;  Seong-Ho Choi 
Citation
 Journal of Korean Academy of Periodontology (대한치주과학회지), Vol.39(suppl) : 213-222, 2009 
Journal Title
 Journal of Korean Academy of Periodontology (대한치주과학회지) 
ISSN
 2093-2278 
Issue Date
2009
Keywords
bone regeneration ; chitosan ; hydroxyapatites
Abstract
PURPOSE: Recently, interest in chitosan has increased due to its excellent biological properties such as biocompatibility, antibacterial effect, and rapid healing capacity. On the other hand, hydroxyapatite is used as a bone substitute in the fields of orthopedics and dentistry. The hydroxyapatite-chitosan (HA-CS) complex containing hydroxyapatite nanoparticles was developed for synergy of both biomaterials. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of hydroxyapatite (HA)-chitosan (CS) membrane on bone regeneration in the rat calvarial defect. METHODS: Eight-millimeter critical-sized calvarial defects were created in 70 male Sprague-Dawley rats. The animals were divided into 7 groups of 10 animals and received either 1) chitosan (CS) 100% membrane, 2) hydroxyapatite (HA) 30%/ CS 70% membrane, 3) HA 30% / CS 70%, pressed membrane, 4) HA 40%/ CS 60% membrane, 5) HA 50%/ CS 50% membrane, 6) HA 50%/ CS 50%, pressed membrane, or 7) a sham - surgery control. The amount of newly formed bone from the surface of the rat calvarial defects was measured using histomorphometry, following 2- or 8- week healing intervals. RESULTS: Surgical implantation of the HA - CS membrane resulted in enhanced local bone formation at both 2 and 8 weeks compared to the control group. The HA - CS membrane would be significantly more effective than the chitosan membrane in early bone formation. CONCLUSIONS: Concerning the advantages of biomaterials, the HA-CS membrane would be an effective biomaterial for regeneration of periodontal bone. Further studies will be required to improve the mechanical properties to develop a more rigid scaffold for the HA-CS membrane
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Appears in Collections:
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Prosthodontics (보철과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Dental Biomaterials and Bioengineering (치과생체재료공학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Periodontics (치주과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Sung Tae(김성태)
Kim, Chong Kwan(김종관)
Kim, Chang Sung(김창성) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3902-1071
Lee, Yong Keun(이용근)
Cho, Kyoo Sung(조규성) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6777-5287
Chai, Jung Kyu(채중규)
Choi, Seong Ho(최성호) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6704-6124
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/104695
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