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Evaluation of three automated enzyme immunoassays for detection of anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibodies in qualitative and quantitative aspects

 Sinyoung Kim  ;  Jeong-Ho Kim  ;  Jong-Han Lee  ;  Hyon-Suk Kim 
 RHEUMATOLOGY , Vol.49(3) : 450-457, 2010 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Adolescent ; Adult ; Aged ; Arthritis, Rheumatoid/diagnosis* ; Autoantibodies/blood* ; Biomarkers/blood ; Child ; Child, Preschool ; Female ; Humans ; Immunoenzyme Techniques/methods ; Luminescent Measurements/methods ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Peptides, Cyclic/immunology* ; Rheumatoid Factor/blood ; Sensitivity and Specificity ; Young Adult
Anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibody ; Enzyme immunoassay ; Automation
OBJECTIVE: The anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CCP) antibody has been increasingly used in the field of rheumatology, and various manufacturers have developed a variety of anti-CCP assays using mainly ELISA techniques. This study evaluated the performance of recently marketed automated chemiluminescence enzyme immunoassays for anti-CCP. METHODS: We investigated four anti-CCP assays (Diastat anti-CCP ELISA assay, Axsym anti-CCP assay on the Axsym system, the Architect anti-CCP assay on the Architect i2000 system and the Elecsys anti-CCP assay on the Cobas e 411 analyzer). Samples from 64 patients with RA and 152 controls, including patients with various autoimmune diseases, were studied. We assessed the clinical sensitivities and specificities, and compared the qualitative and quantitative results of each anti-CCP assay. RESULTS: Using the manufacturers' cut-off, diagnostic sensitivities ranged from 90.6 to 93.8% and the specificities ranged from 85.5 to 86.8%. The areas under the curve were comparable among the different assays, and qualitative agreements ranged from 97.2 to 99.1%. In the quantitative results, all anti-CCP assays were significantly correlated (P < 0.001), but the correlation coefficient ranged from 0.615 to 0.861. Especially, the correlation coefficients between the automated anti-CCP assays were higher than those between the ELISA assay (Diastat) and the automated assays. CONCLUSIONS: The overall diagnostic performance of the automated anti-CCP assays was comparable, and it provides reliable information on antibody levels, making them useful in monitoring disease activity.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Laboratory Medicine (진단검사의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Sin Young(김신영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2609-8945
Kim, Jeong Ho(김정호) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2479-0548
Kim, Hyon Suk(김현숙) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5662-7740
Lee, Jong Han(이종한)
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