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Treatment outcome of localized prostate cancer by 70 Gy hypofractionated intensity-modulated radiotherapy with a customized rectal balloon

 Hyunjung Kim  ;  Jun Won Kim  ;  Sung Joon Hong  ;  Koon Ho Rha  ;  Chang-Geol Lee  ;  Seung Choul Yang  ;  Young Deuk Choi  ;  Chang-Ok Suh  ;  Jaeho Cho 
 RADIATION ONCOLOGY JOURNAL, Vol.32(3) : 187-197, 2014 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Hypofractionation ; Intensity modulation ; Prostatic neoplasm ; Radiotherapy ; Rectal Balloon
PURPOSE: We aimed to analyze the treatment outcome and long-term toxicity of 70 Gy hypofractionated intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) for localized prostate cancer using a customized rectal balloon. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed medical records of 86 prostate cancer patients who received curative radiotherapy between January 2004 and December 2011 at our institution. Patients were designated as low (12.8%), intermediate (20.9%), or high risk (66.3%). Thirty patients received a total dose of 70 Gy in 28 fractions over 5 weeks via IMRT (the Hypo-IMRT group); 56 received 70.2 Gy in 39 fractions over 7 weeks via 3-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (the CF-3DRT group, which served as a reference for comparison). A customized rectal balloon was placed in Hypo-IMRT group throughout the entire radiotherapy course. Androgen deprivation therapy was administered to 47 patients (Hypo-IMRT group, 17; CF-3DRT group, 30). Late genitourinary (GU) and gastrointestinal (GI) toxicity were evaluated according to the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group criteria. RESULTS: The median follow-up period was 74.4 months (range, 18.8 to 125.9 months). The 5-year actuarial biochemical relapse-free survival rates for low-, intermediate-, and high-risk patients were 100%, 100%, and 88.5%, respectively, for the Hypo-IMRT group and 80%, 77.8%, and 63.6%, respectively, for the CF-3DRT group (p < 0.046). No patient presented with acute or late GU toxicity ≥grade 3. Late grade 3 GI toxicity occurred in 2 patients (3.6%) in the CF-3DRT group and 1 patient (3.3%) in the Hypo-IMRT group. CONCLUSION: Hypo-IMRT with a customized rectal balloon resulted in excellent biochemical control rates with minimal toxicity in localized prostate cancer patients.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiation Oncology (방사선종양학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Urology (비뇨의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Jun Won(김준원) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1358-364X
Rha, Koon Ho(나군호) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8588-7584
Suh, Chang Ok(서창옥)
Yang, Seung Choul(양승철)
Lee, Chang Geol(이창걸) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8702-881X
Cho, Jae Ho(조재호) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9966-5157
Choi, Young Deuk(최영득) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8545-5797
Hong, Sung Joon(홍성준) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9869-065X
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