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Variation in Meal-skipping Rates of Korean Adolescents According to Socio-economic Status: Results of the Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey.

 Seri Hong  ;  Hong Chul Bae  ;  Hyun Soo Kim  ;  Eun-Cheol Park 
 Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Vol.47(3) : 158-168, 2014 
Journal Title
 Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health 
Issue Date
Adolescent ; Adolescent Behavior ; Body Mass Index ; Cross-Sectional Studies ; Data Collection ; Feeding Behavior* ; Female ; Humans ; Internet ; Logistic Models ; Male ; Odds Ratio ; Republic of Korea ; Social Class* ; Socioeconomic Factors ; Stress, Psychological
Adolescent ; Eating habits ; Meal skipping ; Social class
OBJECTIVES: To identify and evaluate the trend of meal-skipping rates among Korean adolescents with their contributing causes and the influence of household income level on meal skipping. METHODS: Using 2008, 2010, and 2012 data from the Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey of 222 662 students, a cross-sectional study with subgroup analysis was performed. We calculated odds ratios for skipping each meal 5 or more times in a week by household socio-economic status using a multiple logistic regression model. The secular change in the meal-skipping rates by the students' family affluence scale was analyzed by comparing the meal-skipping students within each subgroup and odds ratios for the same event over time. RESULTS: Through 2008 to 2012, most of the meal-skipping rates generally showed a continuous increase or were almost unchanged in both sexes, except for breakfast skipping in several subgroups. Students in low-income households not living with both parents had the highest meal-skipping rates and odds ratios for frequent meal skipping. In a time-series subgroup analysis, the overall odds ratios for the same event increased during 2008 to 2012, with a slight reduction in the gap between low and higher income levels with regard to meal skipping during 2010 to 2012. CONCLUSIONS: Household socio-economic status and several other factors had a significant influence on Korean adolescent meal-skipping rates. Although the gap in eating behavior associated with household socio-economic differences is currently decreasing, further study and appropriate interventions are needed.
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Appears in Collections:
4. Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine and Public Health (예방의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Hyun Soo(김현수)
Park, Eun-Cheol(박은철) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2306-5398
Bae, Hong Chul(배홍철)
Hong, Se Ri(홍세리)
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