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Long-Term Mortality According to the Characteristics of Early Neurological Deterioration in Ischemic Stroke Patients

 Young Dae Kim  ;  Dongbeom Song  ;  Eun Hye Kim  ;  Ki Jeong Lee  ;  Hye Sun Lee  ;  Chung Mo Nam  ;  Hyo Suk Nam  ;  Ji Hoe Heo 
 YONSEI MEDICAL JOURNAL, Vol.55(3) : 669-675, 2014 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Aged ; Brain Ischemia/mortality ; Brain Ischemia/physiopathology* ; Female ; Humans ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Prospective Studies ; Stroke/mortality ; Stroke/physiopathology*
Cerebral infarction ; early neurological deterioration ; prognosis
PURPOSE: Although early neurological deterioration (END) during the acute stroke period is known to be associated with poor functional outcomes, there is little data regarding the impact of END on long-term outcomes according to the characteristics of END. The aim of this study was to investigate whether there are differences in long-term mortality according to the characteristics of END among acute ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: END was defined as any increase (≥1) in National Institute of Health Stroke Scale score within 7 days after admission. We assessed the characteristics of END, such as the etiology and severity of END, as well as recovery after END. The relationship between 30-day or long-term mortality and each characteristic of END was investigated using multiple logistic analysis or Cox regression model. RESULTS: Among 2820 patients, END was observed in 344 patients (12.2%). After adjustment for age, sex, underlying cardiovascular diseases, stroke severity, and stroke subtypes, END was associated with long-term mortality, whether it was mild or severe and whether or not it was followed by recovery. However, 30-day mortality was strongly related to the severity of END or the absence of recovery after END. Among the causes of END, recurrent stroke and medical illness were related to 30-day mortality, as well as long-term mortality, while brain herniation and intracranial hemorrhagic complications were only associated with 30-day mortality. CONCLUSION: The results of the present study demonstrated that END is associated with higher mortality and the effects of END on short-term and long-term mortality depend on END characteristics.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Neurology (신경과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine and Public Health (예방의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Yonsei Biomedical Research Center (연세의생명연구원) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Young Dae(김영대) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5750-2616
Kim, Eun Hye(김은혜)
Nam, Jung Mo(남정모) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0985-0928
Nam, Hyo Suk(남효석) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4415-3995
Song, Dong Beom(송동범)
Lee, Ki Jeong(이기정)
Lee, Hye Sun(이혜선) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6328-6948
Heo, Ji Hoe(허지회) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9898-3321
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