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Aortic Unfolding Determined Using Non-Contrast Cardiac Computed Tomography: Correlations with Age and Coronary Artery Calcium Score

Authors
 Ji Won Lee  ;  Jin Hur  ;  Young Jin Kim  ;  Hye-Jeong Lee  ;  Ji Eun Nam  ;  Hee-Yeong Kim  ;  Yoo Jin Hong  ;  Seok Min Ko  ;  Tae Hoon Kim  ;  Byoung Wook Choi 
Citation
 PLoS One, Vol.9(4) : e95887, 2014 
Journal Title
 PLoS One 
ISSN
 1932-6203 
Issue Date
2014
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: Aortic unfolding occurs with aging and reflects proximal aortic dilation, aortic arch widening, and decreased curvature. This study 1) evaluated the relationship between aortic unfolding measured using non-contrast cardiac-gated computed tomography (CT) and age, 2) assessed factors influencing aortic unfolding, and 3) determined the association of this measurement with coronary artery calcium (CAC) score. METHODS: We reviewed the charts of 219 subjects (142 men, 77 women; mean age 54.2±9.3 years) who underwent coronary artery calcium scanning during routine health screening from December 2010 to May 2011. Multivariate regression analysis according to cardiovascular risk factors was performed. We also analyzed the relationship between aortic unfolding measurements and CAC score using stepwise multiple linear regression. RESULTS: Mean aortic unfolding was 103.7±13.9 mm (men, 106.5±13.5 mm; women, 98.4±12.9 mm). Age, body surface area, and hypertension were exclusively associated with aortic unfolding. The association between aortic unfolding and CAC score was significant after adjustment for age and gender (β = 1.89, p = 0.017) and for Framingham risk score (β = 2.83, p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Aortic unfolding defined by measuring aortic width was a reproducible and practical method with non-contrast cardiac CT and associated with age, body surface area, and hypertension. CAC score, a well-established surrogate marker of cardiovascular disease, is positively associated with aortic unfolding. Further study to evaluate aortic unfolding as a potential predictor of cardiovascular risk is warranted.
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DOI
10.1371/journal.pone.0095887
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiology (영상의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
김영진(Kim, Young Jin) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6235-6550
김태훈(Kim, Tae Hoon) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3598-2529
남지은(Nam, Ji Eun)
이혜정(Lee, Hye Jeong) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4349-9174
최병욱(Choi, Byoung Wook) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8873-5444
허진(Hur, Jin) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8651-6571
홍유진(Hong, Yoo Jin) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7276-0944
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URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/98566
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