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The development of the Geriatric Index of Communicative Ability (GICA) for measuring communicative competence of elderly: A pilot study

Authors
 JungWan Kim  ;  ChungMo Nam  ;  YongWook Kim  ;  HyangHee Kim 
Citation
 SPEECH COMMUNICATION, Vol.56 : 63-69, 2014 
Journal Title
 SPEECH COMMUNICATION 
ISSN
 0167-6393 
Issue Date
2014
Keywords
Communicative ability ; Elderly ; Language ; Cognition ; Index
Abstract
A change in communicative ability, among various changes arising during the aging process, may cause various difficulties for the elderly. This study aims to develop a Geriatric Index of Communicative Ability (GICA) and verify its reliability and validity. After organizing the areas required for GICA and defining the categories for the sub-domains, relevant questions were arranged. The final version of GICA was completed through the stages of content and face validity, expert review, and pilot study. The overall reliability of GICA was good and the internal consistency (Cronbach’s α = .786) and test-retest reliability (range of Pearson’s correlation coefficients: .58–.98) were high. Based on this verification of the instrument’s reliability and validity, the completed GICA was organized with three questions in each of six sub-domains: hearing, language comprehension & production, attention & memory, communication efficiency, voice and reading/writing/calculation. As a tool to measure the communicative ability of elderly people reliably and appropriately, GICA is very useful in the early identification of those with communication difficulties among the elderly.
Full Text
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167639313001027
DOI
10.1016/j.specom.2013.08.001
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine and Public Health (예방의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Rehabilitation Medicine (재활의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Yong Wook(김용욱) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5234-2454
Kim, Hyang Hee(김향희) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4949-2512
Nam, Jung Mo(남정모) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0985-0928
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/98247
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