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Employment is associated with a lower prevalence of metabolic syndrome in postmenopausal women based on the 2007-2009 Korean National Health Examination and Nutrition Survey

Authors
 Hee-Taik Kang  ;  Hae-Young Kim  ;  Jong-Koo Kim  ;  John A. Linton  ;  Yong-Jae Lee 
Citation
 MENOPAUSE-THE JOURNAL OF THE NORTH AMERICAN MENOPAUSE SOCIETY, Vol.21(3) : 221-226, 2014 
Journal Title
 MENOPAUSE-THE JOURNAL OF THE NORTH AMERICAN MENOPAUSE SOCIETY 
ISSN
 1072-3714 
Issue Date
2014
MeSH
Adult ; Aged ; Blood Pressure ; Body Mass Index ; Employment* ; Female ; Humans ; Life Style ; Metabolic Syndrome/diagnosis ; Metabolic Syndrome/epidemiology* ; Middle Aged ; Nutrition Surveys ; Odds Ratio ; Postmenopause* ; Premenopause ; Republic of Korea/epidemiology ; Social Class ; Surveys and Questionnaires ; Triglycerides/blood ; Waist Circumference
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the association between employment status and metabolic syndrome (MetS) in adult Korean women after stratification by menopause status. METHODS: We examined the relationship between employment status and the prevalence of MetS in 5,256 Korean women (3,141 premenopausal women and 2,115 postmenopausal women) who participated in the 2007-2009 Korean National Health Examination and Nutrition Survey. Employment status was classified as unemployed, employed part time, and employed full time based on a self-reported questionnaire. A modified Asian criterion based on a harmonized definition of MetS was adopted. Sampling weights were used to take the complex sampling method into account. RESULTS: The prevalences of MetS in the unemployed group, part-time employment group, and full-time employment group were 14.5%, 11.8%, and 12.7% in premenopausal women and 54.9%, 44.0%, and 41.8% in postmenopausal women, respectively. Compared with the unemployed group, the odds ratios (95% CIs) for MetS in the part-time and full-time employment groups were 0.79 (0.52-1.22) and 0.80 (0.56-1.16) in premenopausal women and 0.67 (0.46-0.97) and 0.66 (0.51-0.84) in postmenopausal women, respectively, after adjusting for covariates such as age, inflammatory marker, socioeconomic status, and lifestyle factors. CONCLUSIONS: Employment seems to be significantly related to a lower prevalence of MetS in postmenopausal women, but not in premenopausal women. However, there may not have been adequate statistical power to detect relations in premenopausal women. Further research is warranted to clarify the menopause-specific relationship between employment status and MetS risk.
Full Text
http://ovidsp.ovid.com/ovidweb.cgi?T=JS&CSC=Y&NEWS=N&PAGE=fulltext&AN=00042192-201403000-00006&LSLINK=80&D=ovft
DOI
10.1097/GME.0b013e3182987078
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Family Medicine (가정의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kang, Hee Taik(강희택)
Lee, Yong Jae(이용제) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6697-476X
Linton, John A.(인요한) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8000-3049
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/98210
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