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The effect of CD34+ cell-containing autologous platelet-rich plasma injection on pattern hair loss: a preliminary study

Authors
 J.-S. Kang  ;  Z. Zheng  ;  M.J. Choi  ;  S.-H. Lee  ;  D.-Y. Kim  ;  S.B. Cho 
Citation
 Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology, Vol.28(1) : 72-79, 2014 
Journal Title
 Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology 
ISSN
 0926-9959 
Issue Date
2014
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Mobilized CD34+ cells in peripheral blood have angiogenic potential, which is an important factor in active hair growth. In addition, activated autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has been reported to induce the proliferation of dermal papilla cells. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the clinical efficacy of interfollicular injection of CD34+ cell-containing PRP preparation for pattern hair loss. PATIENTS AND METHODS: CD34+ cell-containing PRP preparation was injected on the scalps of 13 patients with pattern hair loss, and 13 patients were treated with interfollicular placental extract injection as a control. The numbers of platelets in PRP were microscopically counted and CD34+ cells were evaluated with flow cytometry. RESULTS: Three months after the first treatment, the patients presented clinical improvement in the mean number of hairs, 20.5 ± 17.0% (P < 0.0001), mean hair thickness, 31.3 ± 30.1% (P < 0.0001), and mean two-point score, 84.4 ± 51.7% (P < 0.0001) compared with baseline values. At 6 months, the patients presented clinical improvement in mean hair count, 29.2 ± 17.8% (P < 0.0001), mean hair thickness, 46.4 ± 37.5% (P < 0.0001), and mean two-point score, 121.3 ± 66.8% (P < 0.0001) compared with baseline. The MIXED procedure revealed that CD34+ cell-containing PRP treatment presented a higher degree of improvement than placental extract treatment in hair thickness (P = 0.027) and overall clinical improvement (P = 0.023). CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that the interfollicular injection of autologous CD34+ cell-containing PRP preparation has a positive therapeutic effect on male and female pattern hair loss without remarkable major side-effects.
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/97937
DOI
10.1111/jdv.12062
Appears in Collections:
1. Journal Papers (연구논문) > 1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Yonsei Biomedical Research Center (연세의생명연구원)
1. Journal Papers (연구논문) > 1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Dermatology (피부과학교실)
Yonsei Authors
김도영(Kim, Do Young) ; 정진룡(Zheng, Zhen Long) ; 조성빈(Cho, Sung Bin)
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Full Text
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jdv.12062/abstract
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