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Sequence Polymorphisms of Major German Cockroach Allergens Bla g 1, Bla g 2, Bla g 4, and Bla g 5

 Kyoung Yong Jeong  ;  Haeseok Lee  ;  Tai-Soon Yong  ;  Chein-Soo Hong  ;  Kyoung-jin Jeong  ;  Myung-hee Yi  ;  Kwang Hyun Shin 
 International Archives of Allergy and Immunology, Vol.145(1) : 1-8, 2007 
Journal Title
 International Archives of Allergy and Immunology 
Issue Date
BACKGROUND: The allergenicity of allergens could be influenced by amino acid substitutions in B- or T-cell epitope regions. The German cockroach is known to produce potent allergens inducing strong IgE-mediated allergic reactions. This study was performed to investigate sequence variations in major allergens of the German cockroach. METHODS: Reverse transcriptase PCR was used to amplify the cDNA sequences encoding major allergens of the German cockroach (Bla g 1, Bla g 2, Bla g 4, and Bla g 5). RESULTS: The deduced amino acid sequences revealed 38 Bla g 1 variants with 1-7 amino acid substitutions (98.6-99.8% identity), 28 Bla g 2 variants with 1-3 substitutions (99.1-99.7%), 27 Bla g 4 variants with 0-32 substitutions (82.4-100%), and 8 Bla g 5 variants with 1-2 substitutions (99.0-99.5%), respectively. Bla g 1 and Bla g 2 showed sporadic amino acid substitutions despite the divergence in their sequences. Bla g 4 exhibited frequent variations, with clusters of substitutions in residues 29-38, 52-80, and 132-155. Sequence variations in Bla g 4 imply the presence of multiple isoforms and isoallergens, which may in turn have various effects on the IgE-binding capacity and T-cell responsiveness. Only 8 variants were found in Bla g 5, with infrequent amino acid changes of one or two residues. CONCLUSIONS: Analyses of T-cell and IgE-binding epitope regions would clarify the effect of sequence polymorphisms on allergenicity, which in turn will aid in the design of allergen formulations for diagnosis and immunotherapy for cockroach allergies.
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5. Research Institutes (연구소) > Institute of Allergy (알레르기연구소) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Environmental Medical Biology (환경의생물학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Yong, Tai Soon(용태순) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3445-0769
Yi, Myung Hee(이명희) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9537-5726
Lee, Hae Seok(이해석)
Jeong, Kyoung Yong(정경용) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9887-1426
Hong, Chein Soo(홍천수)
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