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The pyroptosome: a supramolecular assembly of ASC dimers mediating inflammatory cell death via caspase-1 activation

Authors
 T Fernandes-Alnemri  ;  J Wu  ;  E S Alnemri  ;  J Zhang  ;  S Rosenberg  ;  W Jankowski  ;  B Miller  ;  P Datta  ;  J-W Yu 
Citation
 CELL DEATH AND DIFFERENTIATION, Vol.14(9) : 1590-1604, 2007 
Journal Title
CELL DEATH AND DIFFERENTIATION
ISSN
 1350-9047 
Issue Date
2007
Abstract
Pyroptosis is a caspase-1-dependent inflammatory form of cell death. The adapter protein ASC binds directly to caspase-1 and is critical for caspase-1 activation in response to a broad range of stimuli. To elucidate the mechanism of activation of caspase-1 by ASC and its exact role in macrophage pyroptosis, we performed time-lapse confocal bioimaging analysis on human THP-1 macrophages stably expressing an ASC–GFP fusion protein. We show that stimulation of these cells with several proinflammatory stimuli trigger the formation of a large supramolecular assembly of ASC, termed here pyroptosome. Only one distinct pyroptosome in each stimulated cell is formed, which rapidly recruits and activates caspase-1 resulting in pyroptosis and the release of the intracellular proinflammatory cytokines. The pyroptosome is largely composed of oligomerized ASC dimers. Dimerization of ASC is driven by subphysiological concentrations of potassium as in vitro incubation of purified recombinant ASC in the presence of subphysiological concentrations of potassium induces the assembly of a functional pyroptosome. Furthermore, stimulation of potassium efflux in THP-1 cells with potassium-depleting agents induces formation of the pyroptosome, while increasing potassium concentrations in the culture medium or pharmacological inhibition of this efflux inhibits its assembly. Our results establish that macrophage pyroptosis is mediated by a unique pyroptosome, distinct from the inflammasome.
Files in This Item:
T200705732.pdf Download
DOI
10.1038/sj.cdd.4402194
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Microbiology (미생물학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Yu, Je Wook(유제욱) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5943-4071
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/95812
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