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Alcohol-drinking patterns and metabolic syndrome risk: the 2007 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

 Kyu-Won Lee  ;  Byoung-Jin Park  ;  Hee-Taik Kang  ;  Yong-Jae Lee 
 ALCOHOL, Vol.45(5) : 499-505, 2011 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Adult ; Alcohol Drinking/epidemiology* ; Alcoholism/epidemiology* ; Asian Continental Ancestry Group ; Cross-Sectional Studies ; Female ; Humans ; Male ; Metabolic Syndrome/epidemiology* ; Middle Aged ; Nutrition Surveys ; Odds Ratio ; Prevalence ; Republic of Korea/epidemiology ; Risk Factors ; Surveys and Questionnaires
Alcohol ; Drinking pattern ; AUDIT ; Metabolic syndrome ; Epidemiology ; Cross-sectional study
Alcohol consumption has been known to be related to the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS). Although some studies have revealed that mild to moderate alcohol consumption reduces the risk of MS, most of these studies have focused the effect of alcohol consumption amount on MS. We examined the association between alcohol-drinking patterns and MS by using the alcohol use disorders identification test (AUDIT) questionnaire to study 1,768 alcohol drinkers (847 men, 921 women) aged 20-75 years from Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in 2007. When compared with the subjects in the reference group (AUDIT score ≤ 7), the odds ratios (ORs, 95% confidence intervals [CIs]) for MS of subjects in the highest group (AUDIT score ≥ 16) were 3.92 (2.40-6.22) in men and 2.27 (0.87-5.89) in women after adjusting for confounding variables. Among the items of the AUDIT score, several alcohol-drinking patterns, including "drinking frequency," "usual drinking quantity," "frequency of high-risk drinking," "frequency of inability to stop drinking," "frequency of feeling guilty after drinking," and "frequency of inability to remember after drinking" were strongly associated with the prevalence of MS in men. In women, there were significant relationships between MS and "usual drinking quantity," "frequency of feeling guilty after drinking," and "frequency of inability to stop drinking." In summary, AUDIT score was strongly associated with MS in Korean adults, particularly in men. Accordingly, in addition to the amount of daily alcohol consumption, alcohol-drinking patterns should be addressed in the prevention and treatment of MS.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Family Medicine (가정의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Park, Byoungjin(박병진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1733-5301
Lee, Yong Jae(이용제) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6697-476X
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