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Morphometric analysis of the Korean mandibular ramus for distraction osteogenesis using micro-computed tomography

 Jae-Gi Lee  ;  Il-Soo Kim  ;  Young-Woo Kim  ;  Jong-Tae Park  ;  Kyung-Seok Hu  ;  Hyung-Gon Kim  ;  Hee-Jin Kim 
 JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY, Vol.22(1) : 306-318, 2011 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Aged ; Female ; Humans ; Imaging, Three-Dimensional ; Male ; Mandible/diagnostic imaging* ; Mandible/surgery* ; Osteogenesis, Distraction/methods* ; Osteotomy/methods ; Radiographic Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted ; Republic of Korea ; Sex Factors ; X-Ray Microtomography*
Distraction osteogenesis ; mandibular ramus ; micro-CT ; morphometric analysis ; osteotomy
When performing distraction osteogenesis, the osteotomy is normally applied to the cortical bone posterior to the mandibular second molar. We measured the topographic thickness of the cortical and trabecular bone of the mandibular ramus and at the mandibular canal (MC) to provide crucial anatomic data aimed at minimizing complications and elucidating the most appropriate site for placing the distractor. Forty sides of the mandibles were prepared from 20 Korean cadavers (10 men and 10 women with a mean age of 68 years). The specimens were scanned and reconstructed into three-dimensional images using a micro-computed tomography system. Coronal and horizontal sectional images of the mandibular ramus were taken at thickness intervals of 2 mm from the reconstructed three-dimensional images. Image analysis software was used to measure the thicknesses of the cortical and trabecular bone and to identify the locations of the MC within the body and the mandibular ramus on each section. The mean thicknesses of the buccal cortical plate, trabecular bone, and lingual cortical plate were 2.9 mm (men, 3.0 mm; women, 2.8 mm), 9.1 mm (men, 9.8 mm; women, 8.5 mm), and 2.2 mm (men, 2.3 mm; women, 2.1 mm), respectively. The distance from the buccal surface of the mandible to the MC increased from 5.3 to 10.0 mm (men, 5.3-10.0 mm; women, 5.3-9.1 mm) when moving progressively anterosuperior from the mandibular angle region. Morphometric analyses of the mandibular ramus can provide crucial data when performing mandibular osteotomy and locating an appropriate placement site for a distractor device during the distraction-osteogenesis procedure.
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2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Oral Biology (구강생물학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (구강악안면외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Hyung Gon(김형곤)
Kim, Hee Jin(김희진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1139-6261
Lee, Jae Gi(이재기)
Hu, Kyung Seok(허경석) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9048-3805
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