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Prevalence and Characteristics of Glaucoma among Korean Adults

Authors
 Ji Hyun Kim  ;  Sung Yong Kang  ;  Na Rae Kim  ;  Eun Suk Lee  ;  Samin Hong  ;  Gong Je Seong  ;  Young Jae Hong  ;  Chan Yun Kim 
Citation
 Korean Journal of Ophthalmology, Vol.25(2) : 110-115, 2011 
Journal Title
Korean Journal of Ophthalmology
ISSN
 1011-8942 
Issue Date
2011
MeSH
Age Distribution ; Aged ; Aged, 80 and over ; Female ; Glaucoma/epidemiology* ; Glaucoma/physiopathology ; Humans ; Intraocular Pressure* ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Prevalence ; Republic of Korea ; Risk Factors ; Rural Population* ; Urban Population*
Keywords
Epidemiology ; Glaucoma ; Open angle glaucoma ; Prevalence
Abstract
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence and characteristics of glaucoma in the population of the rural Korean town, Sangju. METHODS: Residents of Sangju aged greater than 50 years old were included in this study. Participants completed an interview examining their medical and ophthalmic history Information was collected on the participants' uncorrected and best corrected vision scores, slit lamp examination results, angle width measurements using the Van Herick technique, gonioscopy if the angle width was less than 1 / 4 angle, intraocular pressure (IOP) assessed with the Goldmann applanation tonometry, optic disc examination results, and a visual field test results using frequency-doubling perimetry in cases in which glaucoma was suspected. Glaucoma was diagnosed according to the criteria described by the International Society for Geographic and Epidemiological Ophthalmology. RESULTS: 1,118 residents aged greater than 50 years were examined initially from a population of 2,984 people. Of these, 671 subjects (60%) participated in this study. The prevalence of glaucoma was determined to be 3.4% (95% confidence interval [CI], 2.1-4.8). Open-angle glaucoma with low IOP was determined to be the most common form with a prevalence rate as high as 2.5% (95% CI, 1.8-3.7). Additionally, primary angle closure glaucoma was determined to have a prevalence rate of 0.3% (95% CI, 0.1-0.9). Open-angle glaucoma with low IOP accounted for 94.4% of the open-angle glaucoma cases. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of glaucoma among the population of rural Sangju was 3.4%, and open-angle glaucoma with low IOP was the most common form accounting for 94.4% of the total number of cases.
Files in This Item:
T201101237.pdf Download
DOI
10.3341/kjo.2011.25.2.110
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Ophthalmology (안과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kang, Sung Yong(강성용)
Kim, Na Rae(김나래)
Kim, Ji Hyun(김지현)
Kim, Chan Yun(김찬윤) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8373-9999
Seong, Gong Je(성공제) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5456-4296
Lee, Eun Suk(이은석)
Hong, Sa Min(홍사민)
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/93154
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