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The trend of body donation for education based on Korean social and religious culture.

 Jong-Tae Park  ;  Yoonsun Jang  ;  Hee-Jin Kim  ;  Ki-Seok Koh  ;  Seung-Ho Han  ;  Jin-Seo Park  ;  Kyung-Seok Hu  ;  Jinyi Park  ;  Calvin Pae  ;  Min Sun Park 
 Anatomical Sciences Education, Vol.4(1) : 33-38, 2011 
Journal Title
 Anatomical Sciences Education 
Issue Date
Until a century ago, Korean medicine was based mainly on Oriental philosophies and ideas. From a religious perspective, Chinese Confucianism was prevalent in Korea at that time. Since Confucianists believe that it is against one's filial duty to harm his or her body, given to them by their parents, most Koreans did not donate their bodies or organs for education in the past. However, by the end of the 20th century, a unique fusion of Western and Oriental medicines were produced on the Korean Peninsula, revolutionizing traditional perspectives on the human body, mortality, and the relationship of medical science to society. Koreans began to think about others' lives as well as their own by realizing the importance of donating one's organs and bodies for scientific purposes. Since then, the number of people donating their bodies to Korean medical and dental schools for the purpose of improving academic learning has increased dramatically. In response, Korean medical schools have begun to hold various types of funeral ceremonies to honor body donors. We have compared such ceremonies performed in Korea with those performed in the United States of America and Taiwan. These ceremonies are viewed as a suitable way to pay proper respect to the dead and to promote knowledge about body donation programs in Korea. Overall, the transition of religions and social ethics in Korea has greatly facilitated body bequeathal programs, benefiting both medical education and the Korean public health administration.
Appears in Collections:
1. Journal Papers (연구논문) > 2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Oral Biology (구강생물학교실)
Yonsei Authors
김희진(Kim, Hee Jin) ; 허경석(Hu, Kyung Seok)
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