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Performance of an automated external defibrillator during simulated rotor-wing critical care transports

 Sang Mo Je  ;  Je Sung You  ;  Tae Nyoung Chung  ;  Yoo Seok Park  ;  Sung Phil Chung  ;  In Cheol Park 
 RESUSCITATION, Vol.82(4) : 454-458, 2011 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Air Ambulances* ; Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation/education* ; Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation/instrumentation ; Computer Simulation* ; Cross-Over Studies ; Defibrillators/utilization* ; Electric Countershock/instrumentation* ; Emergency Medical Services* ; Humans ; Male ; Manikins ; Reference Values ; Ventricular Fibrillation/therapy*
Automated external defibrillator ; Defibrillation ; Rotor wing critical care transport ; Transportation
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate whether an automated external defibrillator (AED) was accurate enough to analyze the heart rhythm during a simulated rotor wing critical care transport. We hypothesized that AED analysis of the simulated rhythms during a helicopter flight would result in significant errors (i.e., inappropriate shocks, analysis delay). METHODS: Three commercial AEDs were tested for analyzing the heart rhythm in a helicopter using a manikin and a human volunteer. Ventricular fibrillation (VF), sinus rhythm, and asystole were simulated by using an arrhythmia simulator of the manikin. The intervals from analysis to shock recommendation were collected on a stationary and in-motion helicopter. Sensitivity and specificity of three AEDs were also calculated. Vibration intensities were measured with a digital vibration meter placed on the chest of the manikin/human volunteer both on the stretcher and on the floor of the helicopter. RESULTS: All AEDs correctly recommended shock delivery for the cardiac rhythms of the manikin. Sensitivity for VF was 100.0% (95% CI 91.2-100.0) and specificity for sinus rhythm and asystole were 100.0% (95% CI 91.2-100.0). Although the recorded ECG rhythms of the volunteer in an in-motion helicopter showed baseline artifacts, all AEDs analyzed the cardiac rhythm of the volunteer correctly and did not recommend shock delivery. On the floor of the helicopter, the median measured vibration intensity was 6.6 m/s(2) (IQR 5.5-7.7 m/s(2)) with significantly less vibrations transmitted to the manikin/human volunteer chest (manikin median 3.1 m/s(2), IQR 2.2-4.0 m/s(2); human volunteer median 0.95 m/s(2), IQR 0.65-1.25 m/s(2)). CONCLUSION: This study suggested that current AEDs could analyze the heart rhythm correctly during simulated helicopter transport. Further studies using an animal model would be needed before applying to patients.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Emergency Medicine (응급의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Park, Yoo Seok(박유석) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1543-4664
Park, In Cheol(박인철) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7033-766X
You, Je Sung(유제성) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2074-6745
Chung, Sung Pil(정성필) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3074-011X
Chung, Tae Nyoung(정태녕)
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