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The localizing and lateralizing value of auras in lesional partial epilepsy patients

 Byoung Seok Ye  ;  Yang-Je Cho  ;  Sang Hyun Jang  ;  Moon Kyu Lee  ;  Byung In Lee  ;  Kyoung Heo 
 YONSEI MEDICAL JOURNAL, Vol.53(3) : 477-485, 2012 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Adolescent ; Adult ; Aged ; Child ; Child, Preschool ; Epilepsies, Partial/pathology* ; Epilepsy/pathology* ; Female ; Humans ; Infant ; Magnetic Resonance Imaging ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Retrospective Studies ; Young Adult
Epilepsy ; aura ; lesional epilepsy ; focus localization ; focus lateralization
PURPOSE: We investigated the localizing and lateralizing values of auras in patients with lesional partial epilepsy on an outpatient basis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 276 subjects were retrospectively selected for this study if they had a unilateral single lobar lesion based on magnetic resonance image (MRI) results, and their scalp electroencephalography (EEG) findings were not discordant with the MRI-defined lobar localization and lateralization. According to the lesion locations, subjects were considered as having mesial temporal (MTLE), lateral temporal (LTLE), frontal (FLE), parietal (PLE), or occipital (OLE) lobe epilepsies. Auras were classified into 13 categories. RESULTS: A hundred and seventy-six subjects (63.8%) had experienced at least one aura. FLE subjects had the fewest number of auras. Epigastric and psychic auras were frequent among MTLE subjects, while visual auras were common in those with PLE and OLE. Somatosensory auras and whole body sensations were more frequent in the subjects with PLE than those without. Autonomic auras were more common in MTLE subjects than in LTLE subjects. Dysphasic auras were more frequently found in left-sided epilepsies. Five pairs of aura categories showed concurrent tendencies, which were the epigastric and autonomic auras, autonomic and emotional auras, visual and vestibular auras, auditory and vestibular auras, and whole-body sensation and auditory auras. Autonomic and emotional auras had a concurrent tendency in left-sided epilepsies, but not in right-sided epilepsies. CONCLUSION: Our results support the previously known localizing value of auras, and suggest that dysphasic auras and the association of emotional and autonomic auras may have a lateralizing value.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Neurology (신경과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Ye, Byoung Seok(예병석) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0187-8440
Lee, Moon Kyu(이문규)
Lee, Byung In(이병인)
Jang, Sang Hyun(장상현)
Cho, Yang Je(조양제)
Heo, Kyoung(허경)
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