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Attenuation of nephritis in lupus-prone mice by thalidomide

 Sang-Won Lee  ;  Yong-Beom Park  ;  Jaeseok Yang  ;  Kyu-Hyung Park  ;  Soo-Kon Lee  ;  Kyu Hun Choi  ;  Beom Seok Kim 
 Rheumatology, Vol.51(12) : 2131-2140, 2012 
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OBJECTIVES: Thalidomide has various effects, such as immune modulation, anti-angiogenicity, anti-inflammation and anti-proliferation. Moreover, thalidomide modulates the activity of NF-κB, which can up-regulate the expression of downstream genes involved in the pathophysiology of LN. Here we investigated the efficacy of thalidomide monotherapy or thalidomide plus prednisolone (PL) on nephritis in NZB/WF1 mice at different doses and compared both with a combination therapy of MMF plus PL. METHODS: Forty-three female NZB/WF1 mice were divided into eight groups (untreated; 1.7, 5 or 10 mg/kg of thalidomide alone; 1.7, 5 or 10 mg/kg of thalidomide plus 1.5 mg/kg of PL and 33.3 mg/kg of MMF plus PL). Proteinuria and histological damage were evaluated. Immune complex deposition and nuclear translocation of NF-κB in kidney tissues were assessed by immunofluorescence staining. Serum concentrations of anti-dsDNA and IgG subclasses were also measured. RESULTS: In comparison with untreated mice, mice treated with 10 mg/kg of thalidomide monotherapy showed a significant decrease in proteinuria and significantly lower glomerular and tubular damage scores, comparable to 5 or 10 mg/kg of thalidomide plus PL or MMF plus PL. Also, treatment with 10 mg/kg of thalidomide significantly decreased immune complex accumulation, reduced the serum concentration of anti-dsDNA, IgG2a and IgG2b and inhibited nuclear translocation of NF-κB in kidney tissues, comparable to standard therapy for LN. CONCLUSION: These data suggest that thalidomide might play an anti-inflammatory role in the pathophysiology of LN, and it could serve as a complementary therapy to standard induction regimens for refractory LN.
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1. Journal Papers (연구논문) > 1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실)
1. Journal Papers (연구논문) > 1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Yonsei Biomedical Research Center (연세의생명연구원)
Yonsei Authors
김범석(Kim, Beom Seok) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5732-2583
박규형(Park, Kyu Hyung)
박용범(Park, Yong Beom)
이상원(Lee, Sang Won)
이수곤(Lee, Soo Kon)
최규헌(Choi, Kyu Hun)
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