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Prevalence of 25-hydroxyvitamin D deficiency in Korean adolescents: association with age, season and parental vitamin D status

 Shin Hye Kim  ;  Min Kyung Oh  ;  Ran Namgung  ;  Mi Jung Park 
 Public Health Nutrition, Vol.26(26) : 1-9, 2012 
Journal Title
 Public Health Nutrition 
Issue Date
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess the prevalence and associated factors of vitamin D deficiency in healthy adolescents and to determine parent-adolescent association in vitamin D status. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. SETTING: Data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) 2008-2009. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels were measured using 125I-labelled RIA kits. Vitamin D deficiency in adolescents was defined as 25(OH)D level <27·5 nmol/l, and 25(OH)D levels between 27·5 and <50 nmol/l were considered insufficient. For the parents, vitamin D deficiency was defined as 25(OH)D level <50 nmol/l. SUBJECTS: The study population consisted of 2062 adolescents (1095 boys, 967 girls; aged 10-18 years) and their parents (1005 fathers, 1341 mothers). RESULTS: Overall, 13·4% of adolescents (boys 11·7%, girls 15·4%) were 25(OH)D deficient, 54·7% were 25(OH)D insufficient. Prevalence of vitamin D deficiency increased with age (P < 0·0001). Parental vitamin D deficiency was more prevalent in vitamin D-deficient adolescents than in non-deficient adolescents (all P < 0·0001). In multivariate logistic regression analyses, predictors for vitamin D deficiency were senior high school students (OR = 3·45-4·33), winter/spring season (OR = 3·18-5·11/5·35-7·36) and parental vitamin D deficiency (OR = 1·78-4·88; all P < 0·05). CONCLUSIONS: Vitamin D insufficiency is prevalent among healthy Korean adolescents and the parent-offspring association warrants vitamin D screening for family members of deficient individuals.
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1. Journal Papers (연구논문) > 1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pediatrics (소아청소년과학교실)
Yonsei Authors
남궁란(Namgung, Ran) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7182-9535
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