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Mechanism of medullary infarction based on arterial territory involvement

 Kyoungsub Kim  ;  Hye Sun Lee  ;  Yo Han Jung  ;  Young Dae Kim  ;  Hyo Suk Nam  ;  Chung Mo Nam  ;  Seung Min Kim  ;  Ji Hoe Heo 
 JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NEUROLOGY, Vol.8(2) : 116-22, 2012 
Journal Title
Issue Date
MRI ; cerebral infarction ; medulla oblongata
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The blood supply to the medulla oblongata is distinct from that of other areas of the brainstem, and thus the mechanism underlying medullary infarctions may be distinct. However, few studies have investigated this. METHODS: Of 3833 stroke patients who were on the stroke registry between February 1999 and April 2008, those with medullary infarctions demonstrated on diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging were enrolled. We analyzed the topography, the involved arterial territories, and the etiologic mechanisms of the lesions. RESULTS: In total, 142 patients were enrolled in the study. Bilateral medullary infarctions were rare (2.2%). Lesions involving the anteromedial or lateral territories were common in the upper medulla oblongata, whereas lateral territorial involvements were common in the middle and lower regions of the medulla oblongata. Significant stenosis (>50%) or occlusion of the vertebral artery was common (52.2%). Among stroke subtypes, large-artery atherosclerosis was most common (34.5%), while lacunae and cardioembolism were rare (3.5% and 4.2%, respectively). Vertebral artery dissection was frequent. The stroke mechanisms differed with the involved vascular territories. Large-artery atherosclerosis produced lesions in the lateral, anteromedial, and posterior territories. None of the cardioembolisms or other etiologies involved anteromedial or anterolateral territories, but all involved the lateral and/or posterior territories. Lacunar infarction was found only in the anteromedial and anterolateral territories. CONCLUSIONS: The topography and mechanisms of infarctions involving the medulla oblongata are different with the involved arterial territories. These findings may be associated with the distinct pattern of arterial supply to the medulla oblongata.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Neurology (신경과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine and Public Health (예방의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Yonsei Biomedical Research Center (연세의생명연구원) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Seung Min(김승민) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4384-9640
Kim, Young Dae(김영대) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5750-2616
Nam, Jung Mo(남정모) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0985-0928
Nam, Hyo Suk(남효석) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4415-3995
Lee, Hye Sun(이혜선) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6328-6948
Jung, Yo Han(정요한)
Heo, Ji Hoe(허지회) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9898-3321
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