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Leukotriene B(4) receptors BLT1 and BLT2 are involved in interleukin-8 production in human neutrophils induced by Trichomonas vaginalis-derived secretory products.

 Young Hee Nam ; Arim Min ; Seong Hoon Kim ; Myeong Heon Shin ; Kyoung-Ju Song ; Kyeong Ah Kim ; Young Ah Lee 
 Inflammation Research, Vol.61(2) : 97~102, 2012 
Journal Title
 Inflammation Research 
Issue Date
OBJECTIVE AND METHOD: Trichomonas vaginalis is a flagellated protozoan parasite that causes human trichomoniasis. Although T. vaginalis itself can secrete lipid mediator leukotriene (LT) B(4) leading to neutrophil activation, information regarding the signaling mechanism involved in neutrophil activation induced by T. vaginalis-secreted LTB(4) is limited. We investigated whether LTB(4) contained in the T. vaginalis-derived secretory products (TvSP) is closely involved in interleukin (IL)-8 production in human neutrophils via LTB(4) receptors BLT1 or BLT2. RESULTS: T. vaginalis produced more than 714 pg/ml of LTB(4) per 1 × 10(7) trichomonads. The ability of trichomonads to secrete LTB(4) was inhibited by treatment of trichomonads with the 5-lipo-oxygenease inhibitor AA861, but not the cyclo-oxygenease I inhibitor FR122047. When neutrophils were incubated with TvSP obtained from 1 × 10(7) trichomonads, IL-8 protein secretion was significantly increased compared to results for cells incubated with medium alone. The stimulatory effect of TvSP on IL-8 production was strongly inhibited by pretreatment of TvSP with lipase, although pretreatment with heat or proteinase K showed little inhibitory effect. Moreover, TvSP-induced IL-8 production was efficiently inhibited when trichomonads were pretreated with AA861 or when neutrophils were pretreated with antagonists for BLT1 or BLT2. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that LTB(4) receptors BLT1 and BLT2 are involved in IL-8 production in neutrophils induced by T. vaginalis.
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1. 연구논문 > 1. College of Medicine > Dept. of Environmental Medical Biology
1. 연구논문 > 1. College of Medicine > Yonsei Biomedical Research Center
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