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Metabolic effects of a stabilizing peptide fusion protein of leptin in normal mice.

 H. Park ; S.-B. Lee ; J. Kim ; J. Koh 
 Hormone and Metabolic Research, Vol.44(6) : 422~428, 2012 
Journal Title
 Hormone and Metabolic Research 
Issue Date
Leptin is a protein hormone produced by adipocytes. It is secreted into the blood stream and plays a key role in regulating body energy homeostasis by inhibiting feeding behavior followed by decreased body weight. Because protein aggregation is a major problem in therapeutic proteins, we previously demonstrated that a stabilizing peptide (SP) fusion protein of leptin (SP-leptin) appeared to resist aggregation induced by agitation, freezing/thawing, or heat stress. In this study, we fused mouse leptin with the stabilizing peptide and compared the biological activities of leptin and SP-leptin in vivo using a male C57Bl mouse model and ex vivo using MCF7 breast cancer cell lines. Each group of mice was treated with saline, leptin, and SP-leptin for 20 days and the differences in body weight, food intake, abdominal fat contents, and TG concentration were measured. The SP-leptin appeared to decrease the body weight and food intake in male C57Bl mice more significantly than wild type leptin, and the SP-leptin treated MCF7 cells displayed better cell proliferation than leptin. As a consequence of decreased body weight, the SP-leptin treated mouse group showed decreased abdominal fat contents and low triglyceride (TG) concentration. Moreover, the SP-leptin treated mouse group had fewer lipid droplets in liver and reduced lipid droplet size when analyzed by Oil red O and H & E staining. These results demonstrated that SP-leptin is more effective than wild type leptin in normal mice in lowering their body weight and fat contents in the abdominal region, the serum, and the liver.
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1. 연구논문 > 1. College of Medicine > Dept. of Microbiology
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