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Invasive breast cancer induces laminin-332 upregulation and integrin β4 neoexpression in myofibroblasts to confer an anoikis-resistant phenotype during tissue remodeling.

Authors
 Baek Gil Kim  ;  Ming-Qing Gao  ;  Yoon Pyo Choi  ;  Suki Kang  ;  Haeng Ran Park  ;  Kyu Sub Kang  ;  Nam Hoon Cho 
Citation
 Breast Cancer Research, Vol.14(3) : 88-88, 2012 
Journal Title
 Breast Cancer Research 
ISSN
 1465-542X 
Issue Date
2012
Abstract
INTRODUCTION: Although development of anoikis-resistant myofibroblasts during tissue remodeling is known to be associated with tumor invasion, the mechanism by which myofibroblasts become resistant to anoikis is unknown. We previously demonstrated laminin-332 upregulation in the fibrosis around invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC). Because laminin-332 promotes cell survival through binding to integrins, we hypothesized that invasive breast cancer cells confer an anoikis-resistant phenotype on myofibroblasts by upregulating laminin-332 expression during tissue remodeling. Here, we demonstrate that invasive breast cancer cells induce laminin-332 upregulation and integrin β4 neoexpression in myofibroblasts to confer an anoikis-resistant phenotype. METHODS: Three types of fibroblasts were isolated from the tumor burden, the fibrosis, and normal tissue of patients with early stage IDC (less than 10 mm diameter), designated cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs), interface fibroblasts (InFs), and normal breast fibroblasts (NBFs), respectively. To investigate direct and indirect crosstalk with tumor cells, fibroblasts were co-cultured with invasive MDA-MB-231 or noninvasive MCF7 cells or in conditioned medium. Anoikis resistance of fibroblasts was measured by cell viability and caspase-3 activity after incubation on poly-HEMA coated plates for 72 hours. Involvement of laminin-332/integrin α3β1 or α6β4 signaling in anoikis resistance was confirmed by treatment with purified laminin-332 or blocking antibodies against laminin-332, integrin β1, or integrin β4. RESULTS: MDA-MB-231 cells induced laminin-332 upregulation and integrin β4 neoexpression in fibroblasts, leading to anoikis resistance. InFs showed a higher endogenous level of laminin-332 than did CAFs and NBFs. After stimulation with MDA-MB-231-conditioned medium, laminin-332 expression of InFs was dramatically increased and maintained under anoikis conditions. Laminin-332 upregulation was also observed in CAFs and NBFs, but at a lower level than in InFs. Laminin-332 induced Akt (Ser473) phosphorylation by binding to integrin α3β1. Integrin β4 neoexpression induced laminin-332-independent Rac1 activation and promoted anoikis resistance in fibroblasts approximately twofold more effectively than did laminin-332, regardless of the type of fibroblast. In addition, integrin β4 expression suppressed fibroblast aggregation in conditions of anoikis. CONCLUSION: Invasive breast cancer cells confer an anoikis-resistant phenotype on myofibroblasts during tissue remodeling by inducing laminin-332 upregulation and integrin β4 neoexpression. Interface fibroblasts appear to be the primary myofibroblasts that interact with invasive tumor cells during tissue remodeling.
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DOI
10.1186/bcr3203
Appears in Collections:
1. Journal Papers (연구논문) > 1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Yonsei Biomedical Research Center (연세의생명연구원)
1. Journal Papers (연구논문) > 1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > BioMedical Science Institute (의생명과학부)
1. Journal Papers (연구논문) > 1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pathology (병리학교실)
Yonsei Authors
강규섭(Kang, Kyu Sub)
강숙희(Kang, Suki) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9957-3479
고명청(Gao, Ming Qing)
김백길(Kim, Baek Gil) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6270-1433
박행란(Park, Haeng Ran)
조남훈(Cho, Nam Hoon) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0045-6441
최윤표(Choi, Yoon Pyo)
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URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/89810
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