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Relationship between BMI, body image, and smoking in Korean women as determined by urine cotinine: results of a nationwide survey. Relationship between BMI, body image, and smoking in Korean women as determined by urine cotinine: results of a nationwide survey.

Authors
 So Young Jang  ;  Jin-Hyeong Kim  ;  Min-Kyung Lim  ;  Hee-Jin Kim  ;  Sun-Ha Jee  ;  Kee Namkoong  ;  Woo Hyun Cho  ;  Eun-Cheol Park  ;  Sang Gyu Lee 
Citation
 ASIAN PACIFIC JOURNAL OF CANCER PREVENTION, Vol.13(3) : 1003-1010, 2012 
Journal Title
 ASIAN PACIFIC JOURNAL OF CANCER PREVENTION 
ISSN
 1513-7368 
Issue Date
2012
MeSH
Adult ; Aged ; Body Image* ; Body Mass Index* ; Body Weight ; Cotinine/urine* ; Female ; Humans ; Middle Aged ; Nutrition Surveys ; Obesity ; Republic of Korea/epidemiology ; Smoking/epidemiology* ; Young Adult
Keywords
Smoking rate ; cotinine assessment ; Body mass index ; body image ; Korean women
Abstract
BACKGROUND: This study examined the influence of body mass index (BMI), subjective body perception (SBP), and the differences between BMI and SBP influence on smoking among women. METHODS: This study used the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey IV-2, 3 2008-2009. A urinary cotinine test was administered to 5485 women at least 19 years of age. Individuals whose cotinine level was at least 50 ng/mL were categorized as smokers. A multiple logistic regression analysis was performed to estimate the extent to which body-related variables affect female smoking. RESULTS: Women with a lower BMI who perceived themselves to be normal or very fat were 2.09 times (1.14-3.83) more likely to smoke than women with a normal BMI and SBP. Women who were never married with a low BMI and thin SBP were 3.11 times (1.47-6.55) more likely to smoke than women with a normal BMI and SBP. Married women with a high BMI who considered themselves very fat were 0.63 times (0.43-0.94) less likely to smoke than women with a normal BMI and SBP. In contrast, divorced and widowed women with a low or normal BMI who considered themselves very fat were 26.1 times (1.35-507.3) more likely to smoke. CONCLUSIONS: Discrepancies between the objective physical condition (BMI) and the subjective body image (SBP) influence the female smoking rate. To reduce the number of female smokers, public education on the association between smoking behavior and weight issues is needed, especially among women with low BMI and distorted weight perception.
Files in This Item:
T201201817.pdf Download
DOI
22631628
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine and Public Health (예방의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Psychiatry (정신과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
4. Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kimm, Heejin(김희진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4526-0570
Namkoong, Kee(남궁기) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1400-8057
Park, Eun-Cheol(박은철) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2306-5398
Cho, Woo Hyun(조우현)
Jee, Sun Ha(지선하) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9519-3068
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/89651
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