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Value of the US BI-RADS final assessment following mastectomy: BI-RADS 4 and 5 lesions

 Hye Mi Gweon  ;  Eun Ju Son  ;  Ji Hyun Youk  ;  Jeong-Ah Kim  ;  Jin Chung 
 ACTA RADIOLOGICA, Vol.53(3) : 255-260, 2012 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Adult ; Aged ; Breast Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging* ; Breast Neoplasms/surgery ; Female ; Follow-Up Studies ; Humans ; Mastectomy* ; Middle Aged ; Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/diagnostic imaging* ; Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/prevention & control ; Observer Variation ; Postoperative Complications/diagnostic imaging* ; Predictive Value of Tests ; Radiology Information Systems/statistics & numerical data* ; Reproducibility of Results ; Retrospective Studies ; Ultrasonography, Mammary/methods*
Breast cancer ; mastectomy ; recurrence ; ultrasonography ; BI-RADS
BACKGROUND: Clinical examination is not entirely sufficient for evaluation of the postoperative site for follow-up of patients with mastectomy. A few studies have reported that postoperative follow-up US evaluation allows early detection and proper management of local tumor recurrence. PURPOSE: To evaluate the diagnostic performance of the American College of Radiology (ACR) ultrasonographic (US) Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) categories 4 and 5 breast lesions at the mastectomy site. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Our institutional review board approved this study and waived the need for informed consent. We retrospectively reviewed the consecutive post-mastectomy US exams for palpable and non-palpable lesions in the post-mastectomy chest wall that were categorized as BI-RADS 4 (subcategorized 4a, 4b, and 4c) or 5 between January 2007 and April 2010. The positive predictive value (PPV) for final assessment was evaluated. RESULTS: From 2681 post-mastectomy US examinations, we obtained a study population of 50 patients with 50 lesions (20 palpable, 30 non-palpable). There were nine (45%) malignancies among the palpable lesions and six (20%) malignancies among the non-palpable lesions. The palpability showed no significant correlation with malignancy in overall subcategorization (P >0.05). The PPVs of categories 4 and 5 were 14.3% for category 4a, 62.5% for category 4b, 100% for category 4c, and 100% for category 5. CONCLUSION: The ACR US BI-RADS categorization of 4a, 4b, 4c, and 5 for breast lesions at the mastectomy site is a feasible method for predicting local recurrence. All lesions should be managed according to US characteristics during evaluation of local recurrence at the mastectomy site, regardless of palpability.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiology (영상의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Gweon, Hye Mi(권혜미) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3054-1532
Kim, Jeong Ah(김정아) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4949-4913
Son, Eun Ju(손은주) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7895-0335
Youk, Ji Hyun(육지현) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7787-780X
Chung, Jin(정진)
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