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Loss of blaVIM-2 and blaIMP-1 during the Storage of Gram-Negative Bacilli, Antimicrobial Susceptibility of the Gene-Lost Strain, and Location of the Gene in the Cell.

Other Titles
 그람음성 막대균 보존 중 blaVIM-2 및 blaIMP-1 유전자의 소실, 소실 균주의 항균제 감수성 및 유전자의 위치 
 Youngsik Lim  ;  Yangsoon Lee  ;  Younghee Seo  ;  Jong Hwa Yum  ;  Dongeun Yong  ;  Kyungwon Lee  ;  Yunsop Chong 
 Annals of Clinical Microbiology, Vol.16(3) : 120-125, 2013 
Journal Title
Annals of Clinical Microbiology
Issue Date
Precocious puberty ; Diagnosis ; Gonadotropin-releasing hormone ; Forecasting ; Female
Gram-negative bacilli can be stored in cystine tryptic agar (CTA) at room temperature for over 1 year, but we experienced a loss of imipenem resistance among VIM-2-producing isolates. The aims of this study were to determine the frequency of loss of IMP-1 and VIM-2 genes during storage in CTA at room temperature and to document any change in the MIC of antimicrobial agents and the location of the gene.

Bacteria were isolated from clinical specimens at Severance Hospital collected from 1995-2000. Modified Hodge and double disk synergy tests were performed for screening of MBL-production isolates, and blaIMP-1 and blaVIM-2 were detected by PCR. Loss of resistance was tested in CTA at room temperature. PFGE and hybridization using a blaVIM-2 probe were carried out to determine the location of the VIM-2 gene.

When VIM-2- and IMP-1-producing strains of eight P. aeruginosa and two Acinetobacter spp. were stored in CTA at room temperature, some isolates lost imipenem resistance after 3 days and 90% lost resistance after 15 weeks. Loss of resistance genes resulted in a decrease of the MIC of imipenem from 32-128 μg/mL to 0.5-8 μg/mL for P. aeruginosa, and from 32 μg/mL to 0.25-4 μg/mL for Acinetobacter spp. Hybridization of I-CeuI and S1-digested and PFGE suggested that VIM-2 genes are located on approximately 50-100 kb or 400 kb plasmids.

Isolates may lose resistance genes when stored in CTA at room temperature. Therefore, it is necessary for MBL-production tests including the Modified Hodge test and double disk synergy test and detection of MBL genes.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Laboratory Medicine (진단검사의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Yonsei Biomedical Research Center (연세의생명연구원) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Seo, Young Hee(서영희)
Yong, Dong Eun(용동은) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1225-8477
Lee, Kyungwon(이경원) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3788-2134
Lee, Yang Soon(이양순)
Chong, Yun Sop(정윤섭)
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