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Analysis of high-voltage electrical spinal cord injury using diffusion tensor imaging

Authors
 Suk Hoon Ohn  ;  Deog Young Kim  ;  Ji Cheol Shin  ;  Seung Min Kim  ;  Woo-Kyoung Yoo  ;  Seung-Koo Lee  ;  Chang-hyun Park  ;  Kwang-Ik Jung  ;  Ki Un Jang  ;  Cheong Hoon Seo  ;  Sung Hye Koh  ;  Bora Jung 
Citation
 JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY, Vol.260(11) : 2876-2883, 2013 
Journal Title
 JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY 
ISSN
 0340-5354 
Issue Date
2013
MeSH
Adult ; Diffusion Tensor Imaging* ; Electric Injuries/complications* ; Electromyography ; Evoked Potentials, Motor/physiology ; Female ; Humans ; Magnetic Resonance Imaging ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Neurologic Examination ; Reflex, Abnormal/physiology ; Sacrococcygeal Region ; Spinal Cord Injuries/etiology* ; Spinal Cord Injuries/pathology*
Keywords
Electrical injury ; Spinal cord injury ; Diffusion tensor imaging ; Magnetic resonance imaging
Abstract
The aim of this study was to investigate spinal cord injury (SCI) on the basis of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) in patients with high-voltage electrical injury. We recruited eight high-voltage electrical injury patients and eight healthy subjects matched for age and sex. DTI and central motor conduction time were acquired in both the patient and control groups. We obtained DTI indices according to the spinal cord levels (from C2 to C7) and cross-section locations (anterior, lateral, and posterior). Fractional anisotrophy (FA), mean diffusivity (MD), axial diffusivity (AD), and radial diffusivity (RD) were compared between the two groups; additionally, they were compared in relation to spinal cord level and cross-section location. In the patient group relative to the control group, the FA value decreased and the MD and RD values increased in all of the regions of interest (ROI) with statistical significance (p < 0.05). In the patient group, particularly in the ROIs of the anterior spinal cord compared with the lateral and posterior spinal cords, the FA value decreased with statistical significance (p < 0.05). The DTI indices did not differ by level. DTI revealed the change of diffusion in the spinal cords of patients with high-voltage electrical injury, and corroborated the pathophysiology, myelinopathy and typical anterior spinal cord location of high-voltage electrical SCI already reported in the literature.
Full Text
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00415-013-7081-1
DOI
10.1007/s00415-013-7081-1
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Neurology (신경과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Rehabilitation Medicine (재활의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiology (영상의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Deog Young(김덕용) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7622-6311
Kim, Seung Min(김승민) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4384-9640
Shin, Ji Cheol(신지철) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1133-1361
Lee, Seung Koo(이승구) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5646-4072
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/88651
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