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Effects of tuberculosis on the kinetics of CD4+ T cell count among HIV-infected patients who initiated antiretroviral therapy early after tuberculosis treatment

 Nam Su Ku ; Jin Ok Oh ; Jun Yong Choi ; June Myung Kim ; Young Goo Song ; Sang Hoon Han ; Su Jin Jeong ; Hye-won Kim ; Sun Bean Kim ; So Youn Shin 
 AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses, Vol.29(2) : 226~230, 2013 
Journal Title
 AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses 
Issue Date
The effects of tuberculosis (TB) on the kinetics of CD4(+) T cells among HIV-infected individuals with early combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) after TB therapy initiation are poorly characterized. We conducted a case-control study with 15 HIV-TB-coinfected patients who initiated TB treatment and early cART, and 30 controls without TB who had similar CD4(+) T cell counts and viral loads at the time of starting cART. We compared the rate of CD4(+) T cell increase for 5 years after cART. The time to CD4(+) T cell increase >250 cells/mm(3) was significantly slower in HIV-TB-coinfected patients (p=0.015, by log rank test). HIV-TB-coinfected patients had significantly lower median CD4(+) T cell counts at 5 years after cART (p=0.048). The difference in CD4(+) T cell increase was observed only during the first 6 months after cART initiation (p=0.002). These data suggest that TB slows the rate of CD4(+) T cell recovery at an early period after cART. The effects of TB on the long-term immunity of HIV-infected patients should be further evaluated.
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1. 연구논문 > 1. College of Medicine > Dept. of Internal Medicine
1. 연구논문 > 1. College of Medicine > Yonsei Biomedical Research Center
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