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Combination of Pregabalin and Dexamethasone for Postoperative Pain and Functional Outcome in Patients Undergoing Lumbar Spinal Surgery: A Randomized Placebo-controlled Trial

Authors
 Yoo Young Chul ; Kwak Young Lan ; Kim Jong Chan ; Song Jong Wook ; Shim Jae-Kwang ; Choi Yong Seon 
Citation
 Clinical Journal of Pain, Vol.29(1) : 9~14, 2013 
Journal Title
 Clinical Journal of Pain 
ISSN
 0749-8047 
Issue Date
2013
Abstract
OBJECTIVES: In this randomized-controlled study, we investigated the effects of combined administration of pregabalin and dexamethasone on postoperative pain and analgesic requirements, and functional outcome in patients who underwent lumbar spinal surgery. METHODS: One hundred eight patients were randomized to group C (placebo+placebo), group P (pregabalin + placebo), or group PD (pregabalin+dexamethasone). According to their allocated group, patients received placebo or pregabalin 150 mg every 12 hours starting 1 hour before anesthetic induction for a total of 8 doses. Dexamethasone 16 mg or normal saline was injected before the induction of anesthesia. The pain intensity, analgesic requirements, and side effects were assessed in the postoperative period: postanesthesia care unit, 12, 24, 48, and 72 hours. Pain intensity and daily activity performance were also assessed 1, 3, and 6 months after surgery. RESULTS: Compared with group C, the pain scores were lower in group PD at 24 hours after surgery (P = 0.011). The frequency of additional rescue analgesic administration was significantly lower in group PD until 48 hours after surgery (P < 0.05) and in group P at 24 to 48 hours (P = 0.005) relative to group C. Back pain intensity at work was lower (P = 0.048) and daily activity performance was better (P = 0.006) in group PD compared with group C at 1 month after surgery. CONCLUSIONS: Combined administration of pregabalin and dexamethasone conferred analgesic benefits superior to those of pregabalin alone. This regimen also helped facilitate return to normal daily activity after surgery.
URI
http://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/86224
DOI
10.1097/AJP.0b013e318246d1a9
Appears in Collections:
1. 연구논문 > 1. College of Medicine > Dept. of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
Yonsei Authors
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Link
 http://ovidsp.ovid.com/ovidweb.cgi?T=JS&CSC=Y&NEWS=N&PAGE=fulltext&AN=00002508-201301000-00003&LSLINK=80&D=ovft
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