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Comparison of elasticity changes in the paraspinal muscles of adolescent patients with scoliosis treated with surgery and bracing

 Hyun Ji Lim  ;  Haesung Yoon  ;  Jisoo Kim  ;  Kyunghwa Han  ;  Yuri So  ;  Mincheol Park  ;  Kun-Bo Park  ;  Mi-Jung Lee 
 SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, Vol.14(1) : 5623, 2024-03 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Adolescent ; Elasticity ; Humans ; Paraspinal Muscles / diagnostic imaging ; Prospective Studies ; Scoliosis* / diagnostic imaging ; Scoliosis* / surgery ; Spine / diagnostic imaging ; Spine / surgery
Scoliosis is a three-dimensional spinal deformity, and paraspinal muscles play an important role as stabilizers of the spinal curve. In this prospective study, we compared elasticity changes in the paraspinal muscles of adolescent patients with scoliosis after surgery or bracing. Elasticity was measured on the concave and convex sides of the paraspinal muscles at the apex of the curve at the beginning of treatment and 6 and 12 months after treatment. Twenty-six patients with correction surgery (n = 15) or bracing (n = 11) were included. At initial evaluation, the Cobb angle was larger in the surgery group (72.3 ± 20.2° in surgery vs. 30.6 ± 5.1° in brace, p < 0.001). The estimated mean elasticity value of the paraspinal muscles was lower in the surgery group at baseline on the convex side (15.8 vs. 22.8 kPa, p = 0.037) and 6 months on both the concave (12.1 vs. 22.7 kPa, p = 0.004) and convex (13.4 vs. 23.8 kPa, p = 0.005) sides. There was a significant stiffness decrease from baseline to 6 months on the concave side in the surgery group (5.9 kPa, p = 0.025). However, the elasticity change recovered at 12 months without significant differences between the two groups.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Orthopedic Surgery (정형외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiology (영상의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Jisoo(김지수)
Park, Kun Bo(박건보) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8839-4870
Yoon, Haesung(윤혜성) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0581-8656
Lee, Mi-Jung(이미정) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3244-9171
Lim, Hyun Ji(임현지)
Han, Kyung Hwa(한경화)
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