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Efficient Collaboration Between Radiologists Using the PACS-Integrated Refer Function to Reduce Communication Times

 Seungsoo Lee  ;  Eun-Kyung Kim  ;  Soo Yoon Chung  ;  Hyun Joo Shin 
 JOURNAL OF DIGITAL IMAGING, Vol.36(5) : 1995-2002, 2023-10 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Communication ; Efficiency ; Humans ; Radiologists ; Radiology Information Systems* ; Retrospective Studies
Communication ; Quality control ; Radiologists ; Reading ; Workflow
The purpose of this study was to assess the utility of a picture archiving and communication systems (PACS)-integrated refer function for improving collaboration between radiologists and radiographers during daily reading sessions. Retrospective analysis was conducted on refers sent by radiologists using a PACS-integrated refer system from March 2020 to December 2021. Refers were categorized according to receiver: radiologists in the same division (intra-division), radiologists in a different division (inter-division), and radiographers. The proportions of answered refers, content of refers, and timing of refer posts were evaluated. Additionally, time intervals in minutes from initial refer post to refer response were assessed to assess the efficiency of the refer system and compared according to receivers using the Mann-Whitney U test. Among a total of 691 refers posted by radiologists, 579 (83.8%) were answered directly using the refer function in PACS. Of the answered refers, 346 refers (59.8%) were made between radiologists, and 173 (50%) were intra-division refers. About the content of refers, about 82.6% of radiologists' refers were about imaging interpretation consultation, and about 98.9% of refers from radiologists to radiographers were for image quality control. The median time interval until refer response was 9 min, and this response time did not differ between intra-division and inter-division refers (p = 0.998). Of the refers that got responses, 74.3% (257/346) were sent among radiologists before official reports were made, and the median time until refer response was 9-10 min. The proportion of refers answered by radiographers was 85.7% (233/272). The median time interval until refer response by radiographers was 87 min for all refers, and 63% were made within 6 h. Therefore, the PACS-integrated refer function can facilitate communication between radiologists for image interpretation and quality control.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiology (영상의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Eun-Kyung(김은경) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3368-5013
Shin, Hyun Joo(신현주) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7462-2609
Lee, Seung Soo(이승수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6268-575X
Chung, Soo Yoon(정수윤) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6751-7288
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