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Consistency of Artificial Intelligence (AI)-based Diagnostic Support Software in Short-term Digital Mammography Reimaging After Core Needle Biopsy

Authors
 Ji Hyun Youk  ;  Kyunghwa Han  ;  Si Eun Lee  ;  Eun-Kyung Kim 
Citation
 JOURNAL OF DIGITAL IMAGING, Vol.36(5) : 1965-1973, 2023-10 
Journal Title
JOURNAL OF DIGITAL IMAGING
ISSN
 0897-1889 
Issue Date
2023-10
MeSH
Artificial Intelligence* ; Biopsy, Large-Core Needle ; Breast Neoplasms* / diagnostic imaging ; Breast Neoplasms* / pathology ; Female ; Humans ; Mammography / methods ; Retrospective Studies ; Software
Keywords
Artificial intelligence ; Biopsy ; Diagnosis, computer-assisted ; Mammography
Abstract
To evaluate the consistency in the performance of Artificial Intelligence (AI)-based diagnostic support software in short-term digital mammography reimaging after core needle biopsy. Of 276 women who underwent short-term (<3 mo) serial digital mammograms followed by breast cancer surgery from Jan. to Dec. 2017, 550 breasts were included. All core needle biopsies for breast lesions were performed between serial exams. All mammography images were analyzed using a commercially available AI-based software providing an abnormality score (0-100). Demographic data for age, interval between serial exams, biopsy, and final diagnosis were compiled. Mammograms were reviewed for mammographic density and finding. Statistical analysis was performed to evaluate the distribution of variables according to biopsy and to test the interaction effects of variables with the difference in AI-based score according to biopsy. AI-based score of 550 exams (benign or normal in 263 and malignant in 287) showed significant difference between malignant and benign/normal exams (0.48 vs. 91.97 in first exam and 0.62 vs. 87.13 in second exam, P<0.0001). In comparison of serial exams, no significant difference was found in AI-based score. AI-based score difference between serial exams was significantly different according to biopsy performed or not (-0.25 vs. 0.07, P = 0.035). In linear regression analysis, there was no significant interaction effect of all clinical and mammographic characteristics with mammographic examinations performed after biopsy or not. The results from AI-based diagnostic support software for digital mammography was relatively consistent in short-term reimaging even after core needle biopsy.
Full Text
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10278-023-00863-4
DOI
10.1007/s10278-023-00863-4
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Research Institute (부설연구소) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiology (영상의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Eun-Kyung(김은경) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3368-5013
Youk, Ji Hyun(육지현) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7787-780X
Lee, Si Eun(이시은) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3225-5484
Han, Kyung Hwa(한경화)
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/196527
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