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Comparison between Sugammadex and Neostigmine after Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery-Thymectomy in Patients with Myasthenia Gravis: A Single-Center Retrospective Exploratory Analysis

Authors
 Hyun-Joung No  ;  Young Chul Yoo  ;  Young Jun Oh  ;  Hye Sun Lee  ;  Soyoung Jeon  ;  Ki Hong Kweon  ;  Na Young Kim 
Citation
 JOURNAL OF PERSONALIZED MEDICINE, Vol.13(9) : 1380, 2023-09 
Journal Title
JOURNAL OF PERSONALIZED MEDICINE
Issue Date
2023-09
Keywords
myasthenia gravis ; neostigmine ; sugammadex ; thymectomy ; video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery
Abstract
This single-center retrospective exploratory analysis evaluated the effects of sugammadex compared with neostigmine on postoperative recovery in patients with myasthenia gravis (MG) who underwent video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS)-thymectomy. This retrospective study included 180 patients with MG, aged >18 years, who received sugammadex (sugammadex group, n = 83) or neostigmine-glycopyrrolate (neostigmine group, n = 88) after VATS-thymectomy between November 2007 and December 2020. Inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW) adjustment was performed to balance the baseline characteristics between the two groups. The primary outcome was the length of postoperative hospital stay, and the secondary outcomes were the incidence of postoperative mortality and complications, as well as the postoperative extubation and reintubation rates, in the operating room after VATS-thymectomy; the outcomes were compared between the two groups. After IPTW adjustment, the sugammadex group showed a significantly shorter median postoperative hospital stay than the neostigmine group (4 (2, 4) vs. 5 (3, 6) days, respectively; p = 0.003). There were no significant differences between the two groups in the incidences of postoperative complications (including postoperative myasthenic crisis, nerve palsy, atelectasis, and pleural effusion). Patients with MG following VATS-thymectomy who received sugammadex showed a significantly shorter postoperative hospital stay than those who received neostigmine.
Files in This Item:
T202305269.pdf Download
DOI
10.3390/jpm13091380
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine (마취통증의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Yonsei Biomedical Research Center (연세의생명연구원) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Na Young(김나영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3685-2005
No, Hyun-Joung(노현정)
Oh, Young Jun(오영준) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6258-5695
Yoo, Young Chul(유영철) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6334-7541
Lee, Hye Sun(이혜선) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6328-6948
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/196404
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