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Exploring the Characteristics of Circulating Tumor DNA in Pt1a Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma: A Pilot Study

Authors
 Hongkyung Kim  ;  Jee Soo Park  ;  Zisun Choi  ;  Seungki Min  ;  Jihyang Park  ;  Saeam Shin  ;  Jong Rak Choi  ;  Seung-Tae Lee  ;  Won Sik Ham 
Citation
 CANCERS, Vol.15(13) : 3306, 2023-07 
Journal Title
CANCERS
Issue Date
2023-07
Keywords
circulating tumor DNA ; clear cell renal cell carcinoma ; next-generation sequencing ; pT1a ; small renal mass
Abstract
Circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) is a promising biomarker for clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC); however, its characteristics in small renal masses of ccRCC remain unclear. In this pilot study, we explored the characteristics of ctDNA in pT1a ccRCC. Plasma samples were collected preoperatively from 53 patients with pT1a ccRCC. The ctDNA of pT1a ccRCC was profiled using next-generation sequencing and compared with that of higher-stage ccRCC. The association of ctDNA in pT1a ccRCC with clinicopathological features was investigated. The positive relationship of mutations between ctDNA and matched tissues was evaluated. In pT1a ccRCC, the ctDNA detection rate, cell-free DNA concentration, and median variant allele frequency were 20.8%, 5.8 ng/mL, and 0.38%, respectively, which were significantly lower than those in metastatic ccRCC. The ctDNA gene proportions in pT1a samples differed from those in metastatic ccRCC samples. The relationships between ctDNA and tumor size, tumor grade, and patient age were not elucidated. The positive concordance between ctDNA and matched tissues was poor for pT1a ccRCC. Strategies are needed to increase sensitivity while eliminating noise caused by clonal hematopoiesis to increase the clinical utility of ctDNA analysis in small renal masses of ccRCC.
Files in This Item:
T202304777.pdf Download
DOI
10.3390/cancers15133306
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Laboratory Medicine (진단검사의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Urology (비뇨의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Shin, Saeam(신새암) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1501-3923
Lee, Seung-Tae(이승태) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1047-1415
Choi, Jong Rak(최종락) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0608-2989
Ham, Won Sik(함원식) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2246-8838
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/196234
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