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Cuspal Shape Alterations by Bmp4 Directing Cell Proliferation and Apoptosis

Authors
 E-J Kim  ;  H-Y Kim  ;  L Li  ;  Q Tang  ;  K-H Kim  ;  H Ohshima  ;  H-S Jung 
Citation
 JOURNAL OF DENTAL RESEARCH, Vol.102(7) : 825-834, 2023-07 
Journal Title
JOURNAL OF DENTAL RESEARCH
ISSN
 0022-0345 
Issue Date
2023-07
MeSH
Animals ; Apoptosis ; Bone Morphogenetic Protein 4 / metabolism ; Bone Morphogenetic Proteins / metabolism ; Cell Proliferation ; Dental Enamel / metabolism ; Mice ; Odontogenesis / genetics ; Tooth Germ ; Tooth*
Keywords
cell physiological phenomena ; gerbillinae ; mice ; morphogenesis ; odontogenesis ; tooth crown
Abstract
The enamel knot (EK), located at the center of cap stage tooth germs, is a transitory cluster of nondividing epithelial cells. The EK acts as a signaling center that provides positional information for tooth morphogenesis and regulates the growth of tooth cusps. To identify species-specific cuspal patterns, this study analyzed the cellular mechanisms in the EK that were related to bone morphogenetic protein (Bmp), which plays a crucial role in cell proliferation and apoptosis. To understand the cellular mechanisms in the EK, the differences between 2 species showing different cuspal patterning, mouse (pointy bunodont cusp) and gerbil (flat lophodont cusp), were analyzed with quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction and immunofluorescent staining. Based on these, we performed protein-soaked bead implantation on tooth germs of the 2 different EK regions and compared the cellular behavior in the EKs of the 2 species. Many genes related with cell cycle, cell apoptosis, and cell proliferation were involved in BMP signaling in the EK during tooth development. A comparison of the cell proliferation and apoptosis associated with Bmp revealed distinctive patterns of the cellular mechanisms. Our findings indicate that the cellular mechanisms, such as cell proliferation and apoptosis, in the EK are related to Bmp4 and play an important role in tooth morphogenesis.
Full Text
https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/00220345231167769
DOI
10.1177/00220345231167769
Appears in Collections:
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Oral Biology (구강생물학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Jung, Han Sung(정한성) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2795-531X
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/196015
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