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Correlation of Yes-Associated Protein 1 with Stroma Type and Tumor Stiffness in Hormone-Receptor Positive Breast Cancer

 Yangkyu Lee  ;  Soong June Bae  ;  Na Lae Eun  ;  Sung Gwe Ahn  ;  Joon Jeong  ;  Yoon Jin Cha 
 CANCERS, Vol.14(20) : 4971, 2022-10 
Journal Title
Issue Date
YAP1 (yes-associated protein 1) ; breast neoplasms ; elastography ; immunohistochemistry ; pathology
(1) Background: Yes-associated protein 1 (YAP1) is an oncogene activated under the dysregulated Hippo pathway. YAP1 is also a mechanotransducer that is activated by matrix stiffness. So far, there are no in vivo studies on YAP1 expression related to stiffness. We aimed to investigate the association between YAP1 activation and tumor stiffness in human breast cancer samples, using immunohistochemistry and shear-wave elastography (SWE). (2) Methods: We included 488 patients with treatment-naïve breast cancer. Tumor stiffness was measured and the mean, maximal, and minimal elasticity values and elasticity ratios were recorded. Nuclear YAP1 expression was evaluated by immunohistochemistry and tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs); tumor-stroma ratio (TSR) and stroma type of tumors were also evaluated. (3) Results: Tumor stiffness was higher in tumors with YAP1 positivity, low TILs, and high TSR and was correlated with nuclear YAP1 expression; this correlation was observed in hormone receptor positive (HR+) tumors, as well as in tumors with non-collagen-type stroma. (4) Conclusions: We confirmed the correlation between nuclear YAP1 expression and tumor stiffness, and nuclear YAP1 expression was deemed a prognostic candidate in HR+ tumors combined with SWE-measured tumor stiffness.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pathology (병리학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiology (영상의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Surgery (외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Bae, Soong June(배숭준) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0012-9694
Ahn, Sung Gwe(안성귀) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8778-9686
Eun, Na Lae(은나래) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7299-3051
Lee, Yangkyu(이양규)
Jeong, Joon(정준) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0397-0005
Cha, Yoon Jin(차윤진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5967-4064
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