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Clinical factors and conventional MRI may independently predict progression-free survival and overall survival in adult pilocytic astrocytomas

 Ilah Shin  ;  Yae Won Park  ;  Sung Soo Ahn  ;  Jinna Kim  ;  Jong Hee Chang  ;  Se Hoon Kim  ;  Seung-Koo Lee 
 NEURORADIOLOGY, Vol.64(8) : 1529-1537, 2022-08 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Adult ; Astrocytoma* / pathology ; Brain Neoplasms* / pathology ; Glioblastoma* / pathology ; Humans ; Magnetic Resonance Imaging ; Prognosis ; Progression-Free Survival ; Retrospective Studies
Magnetic resonance imaging ; Overall survival ; Pilocytic astrocytoma ; Progression-free survival
Purpose: Pilocytic astrocytoma (PA) is rare in adults, and only limited knowledge on the clinical course and prognosis has been available. The combination of clinical information and comprehensive imaging parameters could be used for accurate prognostic stratification in adult PA patients. This study was conducted to predict the prognostic factors from clinical information and conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features in adult PAs.

Methods: A total of 56 adult PA patients were enrolled in the institutional cohort. Clinical characteristics including age, sex, anaplastic PA, presence of neurofibromatosis type 1, Karnofsky performance status, extent of resection, and postoperative treatment were collected. MRI characteristics including major axis length, tumor location, presence of the typical 'cystic mass with enhancing mural nodule appearance', proportion of enhancing tumor, the proportion of edema, conspicuity of the nonenhancing margin, and presence of a cyst were evaluated. Univariable and multivariable Cox proportional hazard modeling were performed.

Results: The 5-year progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) rates were 83.9% and 91.l%, respectively. On univariable analysis, older age, larger proportion of edema, and poor definition of nonenhancing margin were predictors of shorter PFS and OS, respectively (all Ps < .05). On multivariable analysis, older age (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.04, P = .014; HR = 1.14, P = .030) and poor definition of nonenhancing margin (HR = 3.66, P = .027; HR = 24.30, P = .024) were independent variables for shorter PFS and OS, respectively.

Conclusion: Age and the margin of the nonenhancing part of the tumor may be useful biomarkers for predicting the outcome in adult PAs.
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Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Neurosurgery (신경외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pathology (병리학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiology (영상의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Se Hoon(김세훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7516-7372
Kim, Jinna(김진아) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9978-4356
Park, Yae Won(박예원) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8907-5401
Ahn, Sung Soo(안성수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0503-5558
Lee, Seung Koo(이승구) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5646-4072
Chang, Jong Hee(장종희) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1509-9800
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