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Patient-Centeredness during In-Depth Consultation in the Outpatient Clinic of a Tertiary Hospital in Korea: Paradigm Shift from Disease to Patient

 Kyoung Hee Sohn  ;  Sarah Nam  ;  Jungmin Joo  ;  Yong Jin Kwon  ;  Jae Joon Yim 
 JOURNAL OF KOREAN MEDICAL SCIENCE, Vol.34(15) : e119, 2019-04 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Adolescent ; Adult ; Ambulatory Care Facilities ; Case-Control Studies ; Female ; Humans ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Patient Advocacy ; Patient Satisfaction ; Patient-Centered Care ; Professionalism ; Referral and Consultation* ; Republic of Korea ; Surveys and Questionnaires ; Tertiary Care Centers ; Young Adult
Patient-Centered Care ; Consultation ; Satisfaction ; Medical Professionalism
Background: Patient-centered care (PCC) and integrative care approach are widely advocated. However, their implementation usually requires an extended consultation time. Despite significant advances in medical diagnosis and treatment, no studies have examined consultation time and patient centeredness in Korea. Methods: We conducted a "15-Minute Consultation" for first-time patients in outpatient clinics of 13 departments. A control group was selected from the same physicians' first-time patients, adjusting for age and gender. A total of 275 patients were selected for receiving in-depth consultation and 141 control patients were selected for regular consultation. Data were collected from patients using a questionnaire comprising a patient-centeredness scale and items on potential predictors such as socio-demographic and clinical factors. We also investigated the participating physician's professionalism. Results: As compared to the control group, the in-depth consultation group scored higher on 5 variables associated with PCC, including (patients' perception of) medical professionals, wait and consultation times, treatment, patient advocacy, and patient satisfaction. While 92.4% of patients in the in-depth consultation group reported that the consultation time was sufficient, only 69.0% of those in the control group reported the same (P< 0.01). In the in-depth consultation group, scores on satisfaction level were the highest for the department of internal medicine, followed by departments of surgery and pediatrics. Participating physicians' improved satisfaction following the intervention proved that in-depth consultation facilitated building a rapport with patients. Conclusion: This study illustrated that the provision of sufficiently long consultation for serious and rare diseases could improve PCC and physicians' professionalism. Health authorities should reshuffle the healthcare delivery system and provide sufficient consultation time to ensure PCC and medical professionalism.
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