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Trends in Blood Pressure and Prevalence of Hypertension in Korean Adults Based on the 1998-2014 KNHANES

Authors
 Tae Jong Kim  ;  Jae Woo Lee  ;  Hee Taik Kang  ;  Myeong Chan Cho  ;  Hyoung Ji Lim  ;  Jin Young Kim  ;  Jang Whan Bae  ;  Yong Jae Lee  ;  Sang Hyun Lee  ;  John A Linton  ;  Yeseul Kim 
Citation
 YONSEI MEDICAL JOURNAL, Vol.59(3) : 356-365, 2018-05 
Journal Title
YONSEI MEDICAL JOURNAL
ISSN
 0513-5796 
Issue Date
2018-05
MeSH
Adult ; Aged ; Antihypertensive Agents / therapeutic use ; Blood Pressure* / physiology ; Cross-Sectional Studies ; Female ; Humans ; Hypertension / drug therapy ; Hypertension / epidemiology* ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Nutrition Surveys ; Odds Ratio ; Prevalence ; Republic of Korea / epidemiology ; Systole
Keywords
Trend ; blood pressure ; epidemiology ; hypertension ; prevalence
Abstract
Purpose: To investigate trends in blood pressure (BP) and hypertension prevalence in Korea.

Materials and methods: Based on the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) I (1998), II (2001), III (2005), IV (2007-2009), V (2010-2012), and VI (2013-2014), 56077 participants (23974 men and 32103 women) were included.

Results: Mean systolic BP (SBP) and diastolic BP (DBP) decreased in both sexes (male SBP: 128.1 to 120.2 mm Hg, male DBP: 82.0 to 78.5 mm Hg; female SBP: 125.7 to 116.0 mm Hg and female DBP: 77.4 to 73.2 mm Hg from the KNHANES I-VI). The age-standardized prevalence of hypertension was significantly decreased in both sexes (male; 33.3% to 30.3%, female; 28.7% to 22.7%, all p for trend <0.001). Regardless of taking anti-hypertensive medication or not, SBP and DBP declined universally in both sexes. Compared to the KNHANES I, the odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) of the KNHANES II to VI for less-than-normotensive and less-than-hypertensive BP increased in both sexes.

Conclusion: Mean BP levels in both sexes and hypertension prevalence showed downward trends during the 16-year period.
Files in This Item:
T999201880.pdf Download
DOI
10.3349/ymj.2018.59.3.356
Appears in Collections:
6. Others (기타) > International Health Care Center (국제진료소) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Family Medicine (가정의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Lee, Yong Jae(이용제) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6697-476X
Linton, John A.(인요한) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8000-3049
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/188960
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