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Association between new-onset Parkinson's disease and suicide risk in South Korea: a nationwide cohort study

 Sung Hoon Jeong  ;  Seung Hoon Kim  ;  Doo Woong Lee  ;  Eun-Cheol Park  ;  Suk-Yong Jang 
 BMC PSYCHIATRY, Vol.22(1) : 341, 2022-05 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Cohort Studies ; Humans ; Incidence ; Neurodegenerative Diseases* ; Parkinson Disease* / diagnosis ; Parkinson Disease* / epidemiology ; Republic of Korea / epidemiology ; Risk Factors ; Suicide*
Depression ; Parkinson’s disease ; Psychiatric disorder ; Risk ; Suicide
Background: Parkinson's disease (PD) is an increasingly common neurodegenerative disease in an aging society. Whether PD is associated with an increased suicide risk is unclear. Thus, we investigated the effect of new-onset PD on suicide.

Methods: Using the National Health Insurance Service Senior Sample Cohort of South Korea, 17,143 incident PD patients and 17,143 risk set controls, matched by propensity score, were selected for follow-up. The incidence rate of suicide and 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated based on a generalized linear model of the Poisson distribution. Effect sizes were expressed as hazard ratios (HRs) using the Cox proportional hazards model with a robust variance estimator that incorporated clustering within matched pairs.

Results: The incidence rate of suicide was 206.7 cases per 100,000 person-years (95% CI, 172.8-246.9) among the PD cohort. Compared to the matched controls, patients with PD were 2.64 times (HR, 2.64; 95% CI, 1.31-5.30) more likely to commit suicide during the first 180 days of follow-up and 2.47 times (HR, 2.47; 95% CI, 1.42-4.28) within the first 365 days of follow-up. During the entire follow-up period, patients with PD were 2.26 times more likely to commit suicide than were their matched controls (HR, 2.26; 95% CI, 1.67-3.06).

Conclusion: Our findings indicated an increased risk of suicide in patients with new-onset PD, regardless of the period after diagnosis. Incorporating mental health care with social and environmental interventions into primary care and PD-specialized care can help reduce suicide risk in people with PD, improving suicide prevention, identification, and risk assessment.
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Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine (예방의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
4. Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Park, Eun-Cheol(박은철) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2306-5398
Jang, Suk Yong(장석용)
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