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Integration of visual thinking strategies to undergraduate health assessment course: A mixed-method feasibility study

 JiYeon Choi  ;  Seung Eun Lee  ;  Seongmi Choi  ;  Bada Kang  ;  Soo Hyun Kim  ;  Juyeon Bae  ;  Judith A Tate  ;  Youn-Jung Son 
 NURSE EDUCATION TODAY, Vol.113 : 105374, 2022-06 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Aged ; COVID-19* ; Education, Nursing, Baccalaureate* / methods ; Feasibility Studies ; Humans ; Pandemics ; Students, Nursing*
Active learning ; Physical assessment ; Student-centeredness ; Visual thinking strategies
Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has accelerated demands for a shift from traditional face-to-face learning to online learning. Visual Thinking Strategies (VTS) is an inquiry-based teaching method using various visual artworks to improve critical thinking and interpersonal skills. VTS has been studied in health professional education mostly in art gallery settings. Implementing VTS during online learning in nursing education has not yet been investigated.

Objectives: This study evaluated the feasibility of incorporating VTS into an undergraduate nursing health assessment course and explored students' perceptions and experiences of VTS.

Design: A single-group, posttest-only, concurrent mixed-methods design was used.

Setting: This study was conducted in an urban nursing college in Seoul, Korea.

Participants: A convenience sample of 60 second-year undergraduate nursing students enrolled in a health assessment course.

Methods: We integrated VTS into three skills lab sessions (assessment of older adults, skin assessment, and musculoskeletal system assessment) via on-site sessions or real-time online videoconferencing sessions. Through an online survey, we obtained sociodemographic information, previous VTS experience, measures of teaching orientation, perception of arts-based learning, and VTS evaluation. Additionally, participants were asked to comment on their VTS experiences through free-response questions.

Results: Participants rated VTS as an interesting and easy-to-concentrate learning method compared with traditional classes during a COVID-19 pandemic. In participants' narratives, being able to learn diverse perspectives, expanding the scope of thoughts and observations, and sustainable learning were the most commonly positive experiences. A lack of familiarity and the open-ended nature of observations were reported as the most common challenges.

Conclusion: Applying VTS in undergraduate nursing education may help students develop critical thinking, communication, and collaboration skills. As an alternative to traditional teaching, implementing VTS via online may have potential to motivate students' engagement to active learning. Future randomized controlled trials are warranted to build evidence on the benefits of VTS.
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3. College of Nursing (간호대학) > Dept. of Nursing (간호학과) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kang, Bada(강바다)
Kim, Soo Hyun(김수현)
Lee, Seung Eun(이승은) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4173-3337
Choi, JiYeon(최지연) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1947-7952
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