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Using ultrasonographic features to predict the outcomes of patients with small papillary thyroid carcinomas: a retrospective study implementing the 2015 ATA patterns and ACR TI-RADS categories

 Hee Min Park  ;  Jihye Lee  ;  Jin Young Kwak  ;  Vivian Youngjean Park  ;  Miribi Rho  ;  Minah Lee  ;  Jung Hyun Yoon 
 ULTRASONOGRAPHY, Vol.41(2) : 298-306, 2022-04 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Lymphatic metastasis ; Papillary thyroid carcinoma ; Prognosis ; Ultrasonography
Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether risk stratification systems using ultrasonographic (US) features show associations with the outcomes of patients with small papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTCs).

Methods: This retrospective study received institutional review board approval. From March 2007 to February 2010, 775 patients who underwent surgery for small PTCs (10-20 mm) were included. Based on preoperative US features, PTCs were categorized according to the 2015 American Thyroid Association (ATA) guideline and the American College of Radiology Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System (ACR TI-RADS). The associations of clinicopathological and US features with postoperative patient outcomes were evaluated.

Results: In total, 61 patients had high-volume central lymph node metastasis (CLNM, 7.9%) and 100 patients had lateral lymph node metastasis (LLNM, 12.9%). In univariable analyses, a high number of suspicious US features and higher ACR TI-RADS point totals were significantly associated with both high-volume CLNM (P=0.001, each) and LLNM (P<0.001, each). In multivariable analyses of preoperative features, a higher number of suspicious US features and higher ACR TI-RADS point totals were independently associated with high-volume CLNM (odds ratio [OR], 1.516 and 1.201; P=0.002 and P=0.001, respectively) and LLNM (OR, 1.763 and 1.293; all P<0.001). Individual US features, ATA categories, and ACR TI-RADS point totals were not significantly associated with recurrence or distant metastasis.

Conclusion: The number of suspicious US features and the ACR TI-RADS point total are potential risk factors for cervical lymph node metastasis in patients with small PTCs.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiology (영상의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kwak, Jin Young(곽진영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6212-1495
Rho, Miribi(노미리비) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1703-7657
Park, Vivian Youngjean(박영진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5135-4058
Yoon, Jung Hyun(윤정현) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2100-3513
Lee, Minah(이민아)
Lee, Ji Hye(이지혜) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1501-9105
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